On the Estimation of Detection Probabilities for Sampling Stream-Dwelling Fishes.

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To examine the adequacy of fish probability of detection estimates, I examined distributional properties of survey and monitoring data for bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi), chinook salmon parr (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), and steelhead /redband trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss spp.), from 178 streams in the Interior Columbia River Basin. Negative binomial dispersion parameters varied considerably among species and streams, but were significantly (P<0.05) positively related to fish density. Across streams, the variances in fish abundances differed greatly among species and indicated that the data for all species were overdispersed with respect to the Poisson ... continued below

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40 pages

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Peterson, James T. November 1, 1999.

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Description

To examine the adequacy of fish probability of detection estimates, I examined distributional properties of survey and monitoring data for bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi), chinook salmon parr (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), and steelhead /redband trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss spp.), from 178 streams in the Interior Columbia River Basin. Negative binomial dispersion parameters varied considerably among species and streams, but were significantly (P<0.05) positively related to fish density. Across streams, the variances in fish abundances differed greatly among species and indicated that the data for all species were overdispersed with respect to the Poisson (i.e., the variances exceeded the means). This significantly affected Poisson probability of detection estimates, which were the highest across species and were, on average, 3.82, 2.66, and 3.47 times greater than baseline values. Required sample sizes for species detection at the 95% confidence level were also lowest for the Poisson, which underestimated sample size requirements an average of 72% across species. Negative binomial and Poisson-gamma probability of detection and sample size estimates were more accurate than the Poisson and generally less than 10% from baseline values. My results indicate the Poisson and binomial assumptions often are violated, which results in probability of detection estimates that are biased high and sample size estimates that are biased low. To increase the accuracy of these estimates, I recommend that future studies use predictive distributions than can incorporate multiple sources of uncertainty or excess variance and that all distributional assumptions be explicitly tested.

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40 pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Nov 1999

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  • Report No.: DOE/BP-25866-7
  • Grant Number: 92AI25866
  • DOI: 10.2172/783958 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 783958
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc724218

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • November 1, 1999

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • March 23, 2016, 10:54 a.m.

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Peterson, James T. On the Estimation of Detection Probabilities for Sampling Stream-Dwelling Fishes., report, November 1, 1999; Portland, Oregon. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc724218/: accessed January 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.