EVALUATION OF LAND USE/LAND COVER DATASETS FOR URBAN WATERSHED MODELING

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Land use/land cover (LULC) data are a vital component for nonpoint source pollution modeling. Most watershed hydrology and pollutant loading models use, in some capacity, LULC information to generate runoff and pollutant loading estimates. Simple equation methods predict runoff and pollutant loads using runoff coefficients or pollutant export coefficients that are often correlated to LULC type. Complex models use input variables and parameters to represent watershed characteristics and pollutant buildup and washoff rates as a function of LULC type. Whether using simple or complex models an accurate LULC dataset with an appropriate spatial resolution and level of detail is paramount ... continued below

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91 Kilobytes pages

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BURIAN, S.J.; BROWN, M.J. & MCPHERSON, T.N. August 1, 2001.

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Land use/land cover (LULC) data are a vital component for nonpoint source pollution modeling. Most watershed hydrology and pollutant loading models use, in some capacity, LULC information to generate runoff and pollutant loading estimates. Simple equation methods predict runoff and pollutant loads using runoff coefficients or pollutant export coefficients that are often correlated to LULC type. Complex models use input variables and parameters to represent watershed characteristics and pollutant buildup and washoff rates as a function of LULC type. Whether using simple or complex models an accurate LULC dataset with an appropriate spatial resolution and level of detail is paramount for reliable predictions. The study presented in this paper compared and evaluated several LULC dataset sources for application in urban environmental modeling. The commonly used USGS LULC datasets have coarser spatial resolution and lower levels of classification than other LULC datasets. In addition, the USGS datasets do not accurately represent the land use in areas that have undergone significant land use change during the past two decades. We performed a watershed modeling analysis of three urban catchments in Los Angeles, California, USA to investigate the relative difference in average annual runoff volumes and total suspended solids (TSS) loads when using the USGS LULC dataset versus using a more detailed and current LULC dataset. When the two LULC datasets were aggregated to the same land use categories, the relative differences in predicted average annual runoff volumes and TSS loads from the three catchments were 8 to 14% and 13 to 40%, respectively. The relative differences did not have a predictable relationship with catchment size.

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91 Kilobytes pages

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  • Report No.: LA-UR-01-4549
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 784562
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc723178

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  • August 1, 2001

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • March 21, 2016, 3:11 p.m.

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BURIAN, S.J.; BROWN, M.J. & MCPHERSON, T.N. EVALUATION OF LAND USE/LAND COVER DATASETS FOR URBAN WATERSHED MODELING, article, August 1, 2001; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc723178/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.