Report of the terawatt laser pressure vessel committee Metadata

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  • Main Title Report of the terawatt laser pressure vessel committee


  • Author: Woodle, M.H.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Beauman, R.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Czajkowski, C.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Dickinson, T.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Lynch, D.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Pogorelsky, I.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Skjaritka, J.
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy. Office of Energy Research.
    Contributor Type: Organization
    Contributor Info: USDOE Office of Energy Research (ER) (United States)


  • Name: Brookhaven National Laboratory
    Place of Publication: Upton, New York
    Additional Info: Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)


  • Creation: 2000-09-25


  • English


  • Content Description: In 1995 the ATF project sent out an RFP for a CO2 Laser System having a TeraWatt output. Eight foreign and US firms responded. The Proposal Evaluation Panel on the second round selected Optoel, a Russian firm based in St. Petersburg, on the basis of the technical criteria and cost. Prior to the award, BNL representatives including the principal scientist, cognizant engineer and a QA representative visited the Optoel facilities to assess the company's capability to do the job. The contract required Optoel to provide a x-ray preionized high pressure amplifier that included: a high pressure cell, x-ray tube, internal optics and a HV pulse forming network for the main discharge and preionizer. The high-pressure cell consists of a stainless steel pressure vessel with various ports and windows that is filled with a gas mixture operating at 10 atmospheres. In accordance with BNL Standard ESH 1.4.1 ''Pressurized Systems For Experimental Use'', the pressure vessel design criteria is required to comply with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code In 1996 a Preliminary Design Review was held at BNL. The vendor was requested to furnish drawings so that we could confirm that the design met the above criteria. The vendor furnished drawings did not have all dimensions necessary to completely analyze the cell. Never the less, we performed an analysis on as much of the vessel as we could with the available information. The calculations concluded that there were twelve areas of concern that had to be addressed to assure that the pressure vessel complied with the requirements of the ASME code. This information was forwarded to the vendor with the understanding that they would resolve these concerns as they continued with the vessel design and fabrication. The assembled amplifier pressure vessel was later hydro tested to 220 psi (15 Atm) as well as pneumatically to 181 psi (12.5 Atm) at the fabricator's Russian facility and was witnessed by a BNL engineer. The unit was shipped to the US and installed at the ATF. As part of the commissioning of the device the amplifier pressure vessel was disassembled several times at which time it became apparent that the vendor had not addressed 7 of the 12 issues previously identified. Closer examination of the vessel revealed some additional concerns including quality of workmanship. Although not required by the contract, the vendor furnished radiographs of a number of pressure vessel welds. A review of the Russian X-rays revealed radiographs of both poor and unreadable quality. However, a number of internal weld imperfections could be observed. All welds in question were excavated and then visually and dye penetrant inspected. These additional inspections confirmed that the weld techniques used to make some of these original welds were substandard. The applicable BNL standard, ESH 1.4.1, addresses the problem of pressure vessel non-compliance by having a committee appointed by the Department Chairman review the design and provide engineering solutions to assure equivalent safety. On January 24, 2000 Dr. M. Hart, the NSLS Chairman, appointed this committee with this charge. This report details the engineering investigations, deliberations, solutions and calculations which were developed by members of this committee to determine that with repairs, new components, appropriate NDE, and lowering the design pressure, the vessel can be considered safe to use.
  • Physical Description: 121 pages


  • STI Subject Categories: 36 Materials Science
  • Keyword: Stainless Steels
  • Keyword: Amplifiers
  • Keyword: Pressure Vessels
  • Keyword: X-Ray Tubes
  • Keyword: Lasers
  • Keyword: Images
  • Keyword: Defects
  • Keyword: Engineers


  • Other Information: Supercedes report DE00773949; PBD: 25 Sep 2000


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Report


  • Text


  • Report No.: BNL--52602
  • Report No.: KC0204011
  • Grant Number: AC02-98CH10886
  • DOI: 10.2172/773949
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 773949
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc722668


  • Display Note: OSTI as DE00773949