Analysis of the Thermal Performance of Tierra I--A Low-Energy High-Mass Residence

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A low-energy concrete house was designed using passive solar strategies to consume 70% less heating and cooling energy than a base case that conformed to the 1996 Home Energy Rating System (HERS) and the 1995 Model Energy Code (MEC). The performance of this house was then evaluated using computer simulations and measured data. The house, Tierra I, was monitored from July 22, 1996, through October 14, 1997. A Short Term Energy Monitoring (STEM) test was done November 19 to December 10, 1996. Computer simulations of the house were done using SUNREL, an updated version of the hourly data simulation package ... continued below

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Smith, M. W. May 31, 2001.

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Description

A low-energy concrete house was designed using passive solar strategies to consume 70% less heating and cooling energy than a base case that conformed to the 1996 Home Energy Rating System (HERS) and the 1995 Model Energy Code (MEC). The performance of this house was then evaluated using computer simulations and measured data. The house, Tierra I, was monitored from July 22, 1996, through October 14, 1997. A Short Term Energy Monitoring (STEM) test was done November 19 to December 10, 1996. Computer simulations of the house were done using SUNREL, an updated version of the hourly data simulation package SERI-RES. The SUNREL model of the house was calibrated using both short- and long-term data. The house achieved energy savings of 56%, below the goal of 70%. The lower than expected savings resulted from problems with the window modeling. As a result, during the design phase the solar gains were overestimated causing an underestimate in the level of insulation necessary to achieve the savings goal. For very low-energy passive solar buildings, it is apparent that very accurate window modeling is required. It also became apparent that accurate ground models are required as well because ground-heat loss accounts for a significant portion of the total heat loss in low-energy buildings.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 31 May 2001

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  • Report No.: NREL/TP-550-25873
  • Grant Number: AC36-99GO10337
  • DOI: 10.2172/783392 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 783392
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc721428

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • May 31, 2001

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • March 31, 2016, 1:54 p.m.

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Smith, M. W. Analysis of the Thermal Performance of Tierra I--A Low-Energy High-Mass Residence, report, May 31, 2001; Golden, Colorado. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc721428/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.