Indoor Air Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Health Modeling and Assessment System

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Description

Indoor air quality effects on human health are of increasing concern to public health agencies and building owners. The prevention and treatment of 'sick building' syndrome and the spread of air-borne diseases in hospitals, for example, are well known priorities. However, increasing attention is being directed to the vulnerability of our public buildings/places, public security and national defense facilities to terrorist attack or the accidental release of air-borne biological pathogens, harmful chemicals, or radioactive contaminants. The Indoor Air Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Health Modeling and Assessment System (IA-NBC-HMAS) was developed to serve as a health impact analysis tool for use ... continued below

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Stenner, Robert D; Hadley, Donald L; Armstrong, Peter R; Buck, John W & Hoopes, Bonnie L March 1, 2001.

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Description

Indoor air quality effects on human health are of increasing concern to public health agencies and building owners. The prevention and treatment of 'sick building' syndrome and the spread of air-borne diseases in hospitals, for example, are well known priorities. However, increasing attention is being directed to the vulnerability of our public buildings/places, public security and national defense facilities to terrorist attack or the accidental release of air-borne biological pathogens, harmful chemicals, or radioactive contaminants. The Indoor Air Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Health Modeling and Assessment System (IA-NBC-HMAS) was developed to serve as a health impact analysis tool for use in addressing these concerns. The overall goal was to develop a user-friendly fully functional prototype Health Modeling and Assessment system, which will operate under the PNNL FRAMES system for ease of use and to maximize its integration with other modeling and assessment capabilities accessible within the FRAMES system (e.g., ambient air fate and transport models, water borne fate and transport models, Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic models, etc.). The prototype IA-NBC-HMAS is designed to serve as a functional Health Modeling and Assessment system that can be easily tailored to meet specific building analysis needs of a customer. The prototype system was developed and tested using an actual building (i.e., the Churchville Building located at the Aberdeen Proving Ground) and release scenario (i.e., the release and measurement of tracer materials within the building) to ensure realism and practicality in the design and development of the prototype system. A user-friendly ''demo'' accompanies this report to allow the reader the opportunity for a ''hands on'' review of the prototype system's capability.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Mar 2001

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  • Report No.: PNNL-13435
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RLO1830
  • DOI: 10.2172/782696 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 782696
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc721172

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  • March 1, 2001

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • April 7, 2016, 12:52 p.m.

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Stenner, Robert D; Hadley, Donald L; Armstrong, Peter R; Buck, John W & Hoopes, Bonnie L. Indoor Air Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Health Modeling and Assessment System, report, March 1, 2001; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc721172/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.