1997 Savannah River Site annual epidemiologic surveillance report Page: 8 of 36
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1997 Epidemiologic Surveillance Report
Savannah River Site is a 320-square-
mile facility located on the Savannah
River near Aiken, South Carolina, and
Augusta, Georgia. It is owned by the
U.S. Department of Energy and operated
by the Westinghouse Savannah River
Company. The site was constructed
during the 1950s and produced nuclear
weapons materials (tritium and pluto-
nium-239) for the United States' defense
program from that time through the
1980s. The years of weapons materials
production resulted in unusable byprod-
ucts such as intensely radioactive waste,
low-level liquid and solid radioactive
wastes, transuranic waste, hazardous
waste, and mixed wastes.
After the end of the Cold War, the
mission for SRS changed from nuclear
materials production to environmental
restoration and waste management. All
five of the original production reactors
are permanently shut down. There are
over 400 inactive waste and groundwater
units in the site's environmental restora-
tion program. This work is expected to
take decades to complete. Decontamina-
tion and decommissioning of surplus
facilities is also being conducted, with
more than 600 facilities presently being
Part of the site's mission is to recycle
and reload tritium to keep the nation's
supply of nuclear weapons ready. SRS
is the nation's only source for recycling
tritium from reservoirs of nuclear
weapons no longer in service. This
process allows the United States to
stretch its tritium supplies. The site is
also focusing on national security work,
economic development and technology
transfer initiatives, and environmental
and waste management activities.
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1997 Savannah River Site annual epidemiologic surveillance report, report, June 1, 2000; Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc720611/m1/8/: accessed April 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.