Active Control of 2/1 Magnetic Islands in the HBT-EP Tokamak

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Closed and open loop control techniques were applied to growing m/n=2/1 rotating islands in wall stabilized plasmas in the HBT-EP tokamak. The approach taken by HBT-EP combines an adjustable segmented conducting wall (which slows the growth or stabilizes ideal external kinks) with a number of small (6{degree} wide) saddle coils located between the gaps of the conducting wall. In this paper we report demonstration of 2-phase island rotation control from 5 kHz to 15 kHz and observation of the phase instability which are well modeled by the single-helicity, predictions of nonlinear Rutherford island dynamics for 2/1 tearing modes including important ... continued below

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Navratil, G.A.; Cates, C.; Mauel, M.E.; Maurer, D.; Nadle, D.; Taylor, E. et al. November 18, 1997.

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Closed and open loop control techniques were applied to growing m/n=2/1 rotating islands in wall stabilized plasmas in the HBT-EP tokamak. The approach taken by HBT-EP combines an adjustable segmented conducting wall (which slows the growth or stabilizes ideal external kinks) with a number of small (6{degree} wide) saddle coils located between the gaps of the conducting wall. In this paper we report demonstration of 2-phase island rotation control from 5 kHz to 15 kHz and observation of the phase instability which are well modeled by the single-helicity, predictions of nonlinear Rutherford island dynamics for 2/1 tearing modes including important effects of ion inertia and FLR which appears as a damping term in the model equations. The closed loop response of active feedback control of the 2/1 mode at moderate gain was observed to be in good agreement with the theory. We have also demonstrated suppression of the 2/1 island growth using an asynchronous frequency modulation drive which maintains the flow damping of the island by application of rotating control fields with frequencies alternating above and below the natural mode frequency. This frequency modulation control technique was also able to prevent disruptions normally observed to follow giant sawtooth crashes in the plasma core.

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Medium: P; Size: vp.

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INIS; OSTI as DE00761627

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  • American Physical Society/Physics of Plasmas, Pittsburgh, PA (US), 11/18/1997--11/21/1997

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  • Report No.: LA-UR-98-45
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 761627
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc719855

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  • November 18, 1997

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • Feb. 29, 2016, 12:59 p.m.

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Navratil, G.A.; Cates, C.; Mauel, M.E.; Maurer, D.; Nadle, D.; Taylor, E. et al. Active Control of 2/1 Magnetic Islands in the HBT-EP Tokamak, article, November 18, 1997; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc719855/: accessed July 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.