Overcoming Thermal Shock Problems in Liquid Targets

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Short pulse accelerator-driven neutron sources such as the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) employ high-energy proton beam energy deposition in heavy metal (such as mercury) over microsecond time frames. The interaction of the energetic proton beam with the mercury target leads to very high heating rates in the target. Although the resulting temperature rise is relatively small (a few {degree}C ), the rate of temperature rise is enormous ({approximately}10{sup 7} C/s) during the very brief beam pulse ({approximately}0.58 {micro}s). The resulting thermal-shock induced compression of the mercury leads to the production of large amplitude pressure waves in the mercury that interact ... continued below

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5 pages

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Taleyarkhan, R. P. & Kim, S. H. June 2000.

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Short pulse accelerator-driven neutron sources such as the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) employ high-energy proton beam energy deposition in heavy metal (such as mercury) over microsecond time frames. The interaction of the energetic proton beam with the mercury target leads to very high heating rates in the target. Although the resulting temperature rise is relatively small (a few {degree}C ), the rate of temperature rise is enormous ({approximately}10{sup 7} C/s) during the very brief beam pulse ({approximately}0.58 {micro}s). The resulting thermal-shock induced compression of the mercury leads to the production of large amplitude pressure waves in the mercury that interact with the walls of the mercury target and the bulk flow field. Safety-related operational concerns exist in two main areas, viz., (1) possible target enclosure failure from impact of thermal shocks on the wall due to its direct heating from the proton beam and the loads transferred from the mercury compression waves, and (2) impact of the compression-cum-rarefaction wave-induced effects such as cavitation bubble emanation and fluid surging. Preliminary stress evaluations indicate stress levels approaching yielding conditions and beyond in select regions of the target. Also, the induction of cavitation (which could assist in attenuation) can also release gases that may accumulate at undesirable locations and impair heat transfer.

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5 pages

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INIS; OSTI as DE00771553

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  • Annual American Nuclear Society Conference, San Diego, CA (US), 06/2000

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  • Report No.: P00-106500
  • Grant Number: AC05-00OR22725
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 771553
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc719144

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  • June 2000

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • Jan. 25, 2016, 8:08 p.m.

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Taleyarkhan, R. P. & Kim, S. H. Overcoming Thermal Shock Problems in Liquid Targets, article, June 2000; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc719144/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.