Fast computation of statistical uncertainty for spatiotemporal distributions estimated directly from dynamic cone beam SPECT projections

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The estimation of time-activity curves and kinetic model parameters directly from projection data is potentially useful for clinical dynamic single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies, particularly in those clinics that have only single-detector systems and thus are not able to perform rapid tomographic acquisitions. Because the radiopharmaceutical distribution changes while the SPECT gantry rotates, projections at different angles come from different tracer distributions. A dynamic image sequence reconstructed from the inconsistent projections acquired by a slowly rotating gantry can contain artifacts that lead to biases in kinetic parameters estimated from time-activity curves generated by overlaying regions of interest on ... continued below

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5 pages

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Reutter, Bryan W.; Gullberg, Grant T. & Huesman, Ronald H. April 9, 2001.

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The estimation of time-activity curves and kinetic model parameters directly from projection data is potentially useful for clinical dynamic single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies, particularly in those clinics that have only single-detector systems and thus are not able to perform rapid tomographic acquisitions. Because the radiopharmaceutical distribution changes while the SPECT gantry rotates, projections at different angles come from different tracer distributions. A dynamic image sequence reconstructed from the inconsistent projections acquired by a slowly rotating gantry can contain artifacts that lead to biases in kinetic parameters estimated from time-activity curves generated by overlaying regions of interest on the images. If cone beam collimators are used and the focal point of the collimators always remains in a particular transaxial plane, additional artifacts can arise in other planes reconstructed using insufficient projection samples [1]. If the projection samples truncate the patient's body, this can result in additional image artifacts. To overcome these sources of bias in conventional image based dynamic data analysis, we and others have been investigating the estimation of time-activity curves and kinetic model parameters directly from dynamic SPECT projection data by modeling the spatial and temporal distribution of the radiopharmaceutical throughout the projected field of view [2-8]. In our previous work we developed a computationally efficient method for fully four-dimensional (4-D) direct estimation of spatiotemporal distributions from dynamic SPECT projection data [5], which extended Formiconi's least squares algorithm for reconstructing temporally static distributions [9]. In addition, we studied the biases that result from modeling various orders temporal continuity and using various time samplings [5]. the present work, we address computational issues associated with evaluating the statistical uncertainty of spatiotemporal model parameter estimates, and use Monte Carlo simulations to a fast algorithm for computing the covariance matrix for the parameters. Given this covariance matrix, the covariance between the time-activity curve models for the blood input function and tissue volumes of interest can be calculated and used to estimate compartmental model kinetic parameters more precisely, using nonlinear weighted least squares [10,11].

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5 pages

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INIS; OSTI as DE00785286

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  • The Sixth International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Pacific Grove, CA (US), 10/30/2001--11/02/2001

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  • Report No.: LBNL--47761
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 785286
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc718482

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  • April 9, 2001

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • Oct. 4, 2017, 1:25 p.m.

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Reutter, Bryan W.; Gullberg, Grant T. & Huesman, Ronald H. Fast computation of statistical uncertainty for spatiotemporal distributions estimated directly from dynamic cone beam SPECT projections, article, April 9, 2001; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc718482/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.