High-Resolution Measurements of the K-Shell Spectral Lines of Hydrogenlike and Heliumlike Xenon

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With the implementation of a transmission-type curved crystal spectrometer at the Livermore high-energy electron beam ion trap (SuperEBIT) the window on sub-eV level measurements of the ground-state quantum electrodynamics and the two-electron quantum electrodynamics of high-Z ions has been opened. High-resolution spectroscopic measurements of the K{alpha} spectra of hydrogenlike Xe{sup 53+} and heliumlike Xe{sup 52+} are presented. The electron-impact excitation cross sections have been determined relative to the radiative recombination cross sections. The electron-impact energy was 112 keV which is about 3.7 times the excitation threshold for the n = 2 {yields} 1 transitions. Although the relative uncertainties of the ... continued below

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1,900 Kilobytes pages

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Windman, K.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Brown, G.V.; Crespo, J.R.; Osterheld, A.L.; Reed, K.J. et al. September 13, 1999.

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With the implementation of a transmission-type curved crystal spectrometer at the Livermore high-energy electron beam ion trap (SuperEBIT) the window on sub-eV level measurements of the ground-state quantum electrodynamics and the two-electron quantum electrodynamics of high-Z ions has been opened. High-resolution spectroscopic measurements of the K{alpha} spectra of hydrogenlike Xe{sup 53+} and heliumlike Xe{sup 52+} are presented. The electron-impact excitation cross sections have been determined relative to the radiative recombination cross sections. The electron-impact energy was 112 keV which is about 3.7 times the excitation threshold for the n = 2 {yields} 1 transitions. Although the relative uncertainties of the measured electron-impact excitation cross sections range from about 20% to 50%, significant disagreement between the measured and calculated cross section values has been found for one of the heliumlike xenon lines. Overall, the comparison between experiment and theory shows that already for xenon (Z=54) the Breit interaction plays a significant part in the collisional excitation process. The measured cross sections for the hydrogenlike transitions are in good agreement with theoretical predictions. Additionally, the Xe{sup 53+} Ly-{alpha}{sub 1} transition energy has been measured utilizing the K{alpha} emission of neutral cesium and barium for calibration. Surprisingly, the experimental result, (31279.2 {+-} 1.5) eV, disagrees with the widely accepted theoretically predicted value of (31283.77 {+-} 0.09) eV. However, this disagreement does not (yet) call for any correction in respect to the theoretical values for the transition energies of the hydrogenlike isoelectronic sequence. It rather emphasizes the need for a reevaluation of the commonly used x-ray wavelengths table for atomic inner-shell transitions, in particular, for the cesium K{alpha} lines.

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1,900 Kilobytes pages

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  • 18th International Conference on X-Ray and Inner-Shell Processes, Chicago, IL (US), 08/23/1999--08/27/1999

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JC-134916
  • Grant Number: W-7405-Eng-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 790856
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc718293

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  • September 13, 1999

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • May 6, 2016, 1:26 p.m.

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Windman, K.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Brown, G.V.; Crespo, J.R.; Osterheld, A.L.; Reed, K.J. et al. High-Resolution Measurements of the K-Shell Spectral Lines of Hydrogenlike and Heliumlike Xenon, article, September 13, 1999; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc718293/: accessed October 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.