Rational Synthesis of Imprinted Organofunctional Sol-Gel Materials for Toxic Metal Separation - Final Report - 09/15/1997 - 09/14/2001

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Current cost estimates for the environmental remediation of contaminated installations under the auspices of the Department of Energy (DOE) are staggering. On this basis alone, there is a critical need to develop the scientific basis for new approaches to the treatment and disposal of toxic metal ions from wastes or contaminated areas at many DOE sites. The overall goal of this project is to rationally design and synthesize imprinted, hybrid inorganic-organic sol-gel materials containing metal binding sites through template approaches, and to develop a scientific basis for metal ion binding and recognition by such tailored hybrid inorganic-organic materials. After removal ... continued below

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Xue, Ziling (Ben); Barnes, Craig E. & Dai, Shang September 14, 2001.

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Current cost estimates for the environmental remediation of contaminated installations under the auspices of the Department of Energy (DOE) are staggering. On this basis alone, there is a critical need to develop the scientific basis for new approaches to the treatment and disposal of toxic metal ions from wastes or contaminated areas at many DOE sites. The overall goal of this project is to rationally design and synthesize imprinted, hybrid inorganic-organic sol-gel materials containing metal binding sites through template approaches, and to develop a scientific basis for metal ion binding and recognition by such tailored hybrid inorganic-organic materials. After removal of the template M, functionalized cavities are created which contain both grafted binding sites and functionality inherent to the silica network (Si-OH, Si-O-Si). These cavities are expected to ''recognize'' and bind the target metal ions through the high affinities between the binding sites and M, and their retained shapes. Our approaches utilize both the metal ion binding and the tailored impressions of the template metal ions in the imprinted cavities. Such imprinted organofunctional sol-gel networks are expected to exhibit both high selectivity and capacity for binding targeted ions in fluid waste streams. The principles of sol-gel chemistry and imprinting techniques will guide our approaches to optimize the chemical and physical properties of the imprinted organofunctional sol-gel materials. Cold isotopes or non-radioactive surrogate ions of similar size and charge will be used in imprinting investigations to minimize hazardous waste production. The design strategy we will follow is based on imprinted binding sites cross-linked by rigid, hydrophilic inorganic SiO{sub 2} or MiO{sub 2} networks. These hydrophilic metal oxide-based materials are expected to exhibit fast ion mass transfer and binding kinetics in comparison to functionalized hydrophobic organic polymers. Success in this research will lead to a novel class of materials tailored for toxic metal recognition/separation with enhanced capacity and selectivity. It will also provide the scientific basis for such recognition and the development of a new generation of technologies for more efficient toxic metal removal. Furthermore, these research results should be directly applicable to DOE Environmental Management (EM) missions.

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INIS; OSTI as DE00790239

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  • Other Information: PBD: 14 Sep 2001

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  • Report No.: DOE/ER/14817
  • Report No.: Project Number 60096
  • Grant Number: FG07-97ER14817
  • DOI: 10.2172/790239 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 790239
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc716563

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  • September 14, 2001

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • Jan. 9, 2018, 9:23 a.m.

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Xue, Ziling (Ben); Barnes, Craig E. & Dai, Shang. Rational Synthesis of Imprinted Organofunctional Sol-Gel Materials for Toxic Metal Separation - Final Report - 09/15/1997 - 09/14/2001, report, September 14, 2001; Knoxville, Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc716563/: accessed July 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.