Cosmic Ray Pitch Angle Scattering Through 90{degree}

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The authors study the problem of cosmic ray diffusion in the galactic disk with particular attention to the problem of particle scattering through the {theta} = cos{sup {minus}1} ({nu}{sub {parallel}}/{nu}) = 90{degree} pitch angle in momentum space by wave-particle mirror interaction (here {nu}{sub {parallel}} is the cosmic ray velocity parallel to the average galactic magnetic field). They consider the case in which cosmic rays are the only source of magnetic turbulence, which originates as the relativistic particles try to stream through the interstellar plasma faster than the local Alfven speed. The wave growth rate is proportional to the cosmic ray ... continued below

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540 Kilobytes pages

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Kulsrud, R.M. & Felice, G.M. September 19, 2000.

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Description

The authors study the problem of cosmic ray diffusion in the galactic disk with particular attention to the problem of particle scattering through the {theta} = cos{sup {minus}1} ({nu}{sub {parallel}}/{nu}) = 90{degree} pitch angle in momentum space by wave-particle mirror interaction (here {nu}{sub {parallel}} is the cosmic ray velocity parallel to the average galactic magnetic field). They consider the case in which cosmic rays are the only source of magnetic turbulence, which originates as the relativistic particles try to stream through the interstellar plasma faster than the local Alfven speed. The wave growth rate is proportional to the cosmic ray anisotropy and the amplitude of hydro-magnetic waves generated by this streaming instability is limited by the presence of various damping mechanisms. They study the propagation of cosmic rays in the different phases of the I.S.M., in particular the coronal regions (where the main form of wave dissipation is non-linear Landau damping) and the warm regions (where charge exchange between the ions and the neutral atoms gives rise to the dominant form of wave dissipation). They also account for ion-cyclotron damping of small wavelength waves. The effect of a spectrum of waves is to limit the anisotropy of the cosmic ray distribution function, and hence to limit their drift velocity. They show that quasi-linear resonant scattering cannot account for particle diffusion everywhere in momentum space, and that particles with {theta} {approximately} 90{degree} must change their pitch angle by mirror interaction with long wavelength waves generated by the {theta} {approximately} 0 particles. The authors match the quasi-linear scattering with the adiabatic mirroring in a small boundary layer in momentum space close to the {theta} {approximately} 90{degree} point and then they calculate the diffusion coefficient together with the cosmic ray drift velocity. They show that scattering through the 90{degree} point is very efficient and they calculate the correction to the particle diffusion coefficient due to the presence of mirroring.

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540 Kilobytes pages

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INIS; OSTI as DE00764465

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  • Other Information: PBD: 19 Sep 2000

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  • Report No.: PPPL-3488
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH03073
  • DOI: 10.2172/764465 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 764465
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc715985

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  • September 19, 2000

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • April 15, 2016, 8:35 p.m.

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Kulsrud, R.M. & Felice, G.M. Cosmic Ray Pitch Angle Scattering Through 90{degree}, report, September 19, 2000; Princeton, New Jersey. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc715985/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.