Deformation by grain boundary sliding and slip creep versus diffusional creep

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A review is presented of the debates between the present authors and other investigators regarding the possible role of diffusional creep in the plastic flow of polycrystalline metals at low stresses. These debates are recorded in eleven papers over the past seventeen years. ln these papers it has been shown that the creep rates of materials in the so-called �diffusional creep region� are almost always higher than those predicted by the diffusional creep theory. Additionally, the predictions of grain size effects and stress exponents from diffusional creep theory are often not found in the experimental data. Finally, denuded zones have ... continued below

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Ruano, O. A.; Sherby, O. D. & Wadsworth, J. November 4, 1998.

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A review is presented of the debates between the present authors and other investigators regarding the possible role of diffusional creep in the plastic flow of polycrystalline metals at low stresses. These debates are recorded in eleven papers over the past seventeen years. ln these papers it has been shown that the creep rates of materials in the so-called �diffusional creep region� are almost always higher than those predicted by the diffusional creep theory. Additionally, the predictions of grain size effects and stress exponents from diffusional creep theory are often not found in the experimental data. Finally, denuded zones have been universally considered to be direct evidence for diffusional creep; but, those reported in the literature are shown to be found only under conditions where a high stress exponent is observed. Also, the locations of the denuded zones do not match those predicted. Alternative mechanisms are described in which diffusion-controlled dislocation creep and/or grain boundary sliding are the dominant deformation processes in low-stress creep. It is proposed that denuded zones are formed by stress-directed grain boundary migration with the precipitates dissolving in the moving grain boundaries. The above observations have led us to the conclusion that grain boundary sliding and slip creep are in fact the principal mechanisms for observations of plastic flow in the so-called �diffusional creep regions. �

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  • The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (TMS) 1999 Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, February 28-March 4, 1999

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  • Other: DE00007796
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC-132348
  • Grant Number: W-7405-Eng-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 7796
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc715769

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  • November 4, 1998

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • May 6, 2016, 11:14 p.m.

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Ruano, O. A.; Sherby, O. D. & Wadsworth, J. Deformation by grain boundary sliding and slip creep versus diffusional creep, article, November 4, 1998; Livermore, California. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc715769/: accessed May 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.