Effusive-flow characterization of arbitrary size and geometry target/vapor transport systems: radioactive ion beam applications

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The principal factors that severely limit intensities of short-lived radioactive ion beams produced by the Isotope Separator On-Line (ISOL) technique are time delays due to diffusion of radioactive species from solid or liquid target materials and their effusive-flow transport to the ion source. Although diffusion times can be reduced by proper design of short diffusion length, highly refractory targets, effusive-flow times are more difficult to assess. After diffusion from the target material, the species must travel through the target material and vapor transport system to the ion source. The time required for effusive-flow transport to the ion source depends on ... continued below

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Bilheux, J.-C. November 5, 2001.

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The principal factors that severely limit intensities of short-lived radioactive ion beams produced by the Isotope Separator On-Line (ISOL) technique are time delays due to diffusion of radioactive species from solid or liquid target materials and their effusive-flow transport to the ion source. Although diffusion times can be reduced by proper design of short diffusion length, highly refractory targets, effusive-flow times are more difficult to assess. After diffusion from the target material, the species must travel through the target material and vapor transport system to the ion source. The time required for effusive-flow transport to the ion source depends on the conduction path, chemical reactions between the species and target material and materials of construction as well as the physical size and geometry of the transport system. We have developed a fast-valve (1 ms closing time) for introducing gaseous or vapor-state species into the target/vapor transport/ion source/system th at permits measurement of effusive-flow times for any gaseous or vaporous species (chemically active or chemically inactive) through any vapor transport system, independent of size and geometry. Characteristic times are determined from the exponential decay of the momentum analyzed ion beam intensity for the species.during effusive-flow through the vapor transport system under evaluation. This report describes the effusive-flow apparatus and presents characteristic time spectra and characteristic effusive-flow time data for noble gases flowing through both serial and parallel-flow target reservoir systems.

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  • 9th International Conference on Ion Sources (ICIS'01), Oakland, CA (US), 09/03/2001--09/07/2001

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  • Report No.: P01-112349
  • Grant Number: AC05-00OR22725
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 788649
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc715675

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  • November 5, 2001

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • March 29, 2016, 4:43 p.m.

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Bilheux, J.-C. Effusive-flow characterization of arbitrary size and geometry target/vapor transport systems: radioactive ion beam applications, article, November 5, 2001; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc715675/: accessed July 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.