Lightweight materials in the light-duty passenger vehicle market: Their market penetration potential and impacts

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This paper summarizes the results of a lightweight materials study. Various lightweight materials are examined and the most cost effective are selected for further analysis. Aluminum and high-performance polymer matrix composites (PMCS) are found to have the highest potential for reducing the weight of automobiles and passenger-oriented light trucks. Weight reduction potential for aluminum and carbon fiber-based PMCs are computed based on a set of component-specific replacement criteria (such as stiffness and strength), and the consequent incremental cost scenarios are developed. The authors assume that a materials R and D program successfully reduces the cost of manufacturing aluminum and carbon ... continued below

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25 p.

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Stodolsky, F.; Vyas, A. & Cuenca, R. June 1, 1995.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 124 times . More information about this article can be viewed below.

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  • Stodolsky, F. Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research
  • Vyas, A.
  • Cuenca, R. Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research

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Description

This paper summarizes the results of a lightweight materials study. Various lightweight materials are examined and the most cost effective are selected for further analysis. Aluminum and high-performance polymer matrix composites (PMCS) are found to have the highest potential for reducing the weight of automobiles and passenger-oriented light trucks. Weight reduction potential for aluminum and carbon fiber-based PMCs are computed based on a set of component-specific replacement criteria (such as stiffness and strength), and the consequent incremental cost scenarios are developed. The authors assume that a materials R and D program successfully reduces the cost of manufacturing aluminum and carbon fiber PMC-intensive vehicles. A vehicle choice model is used to project market shares for the lightweight vehicles. A vehicle survival and age-related usage model is employed to compute energy consumption over time for the vehicle stock. After a review of projected costs, the following two sets of vehicles are characterized to compete with the conventional materials vehicles: (1) aluminum vehicles with limited replacement providing 19% weight reduction (AIV-Mid), and (2) aluminum vehicles with the maximum replacement providing 31% weight reduction (AIV-Max). Assuming mass-market introduction in 2005, the authors project a national petroleum energy savings of 3% for AIV-Mid and 5% for AIV-Max in 2030.

Physical Description

25 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE95012462

Source

  • 2. world car conference, Riverside, CA (United States), 22-24 Jan 1995

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  • Other: DE95012462
  • Report No.: ANL/ES/CP--84474
  • Report No.: CONF-950186--2
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 72945
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc712089

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • June 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • Dec. 16, 2015, 12:52 p.m.

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Stodolsky, F.; Vyas, A. & Cuenca, R. Lightweight materials in the light-duty passenger vehicle market: Their market penetration potential and impacts, article, June 1, 1995; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc712089/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.