On the development of a subgrid CFD model for fire extinguishment

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Description

A subgrid model is presented for use in CFD fire simulations to account for thermal suppressants and strain. The extinguishment criteria is based on the ratio of a local fluid-mechanics time-scale to a local chemical time-scale compared to an empirically-determined critical Damkohler number. Local extinction occurs if this time scale is exceeded, global fire extinguishment occurs when local extinction has occurred for all combusting cells. The fluid mechanics time scale is based on the Kolmogorov time scale and the chemical time scale is based on blowout of a perfectly stirred reactor. The input to the reactor is based on cell ... continued below

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22 p.

Creation Information

TIESZEN,SHELDON R. & LOPEZ,AMALIA R. February 2, 2000.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this article can be viewed below.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

A subgrid model is presented for use in CFD fire simulations to account for thermal suppressants and strain. The extinguishment criteria is based on the ratio of a local fluid-mechanics time-scale to a local chemical time-scale compared to an empirically-determined critical Damkohler number. Local extinction occurs if this time scale is exceeded, global fire extinguishment occurs when local extinction has occurred for all combusting cells. The fluid mechanics time scale is based on the Kolmogorov time scale and the chemical time scale is based on blowout of a perfectly stirred reactor. The input to the reactor is based on cell averaged temperatures, assumed stoichiometric fuel/air composition, and cell averaged suppressant concentrations including combustion products. A detailed chemical mechanism is employed. The chemical time-scale is precalculated and mixing rules are used to reduce the composition space that must be parameterized. Comparisons with experimental data for fire extinguishment in a flame-stabilizing, backward-facing step geometry indicates that the model is conservative for this condition.

Physical Description

22 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE00751174

Medium: P; Size: 22 pages

Source

  • 28th Symposium (International) on Combustion, Edinburgh, Scotland (GB), 06/30/2000--07/05/2000

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  • Report No.: SAND2000-0321C
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 751174
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc711768

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  • February 2, 2000

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 10, 2017, 3:16 p.m.

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TIESZEN,SHELDON R. & LOPEZ,AMALIA R. On the development of a subgrid CFD model for fire extinguishment, article, February 2, 2000; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc711768/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.