Utilization of lightweight materials made from coal gasification slags

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The integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) process is an emerging technology that utilizes coal for power generation and production of chemical feedstocks. However, the process generates large amounts of solid waste, consisting of vitrified ash (slag) and some unconverted carbon. In previous projects, Praxis investigated the utilization of as-generated slags for a wide variety of applications in road construction, cement and concrete production, agricultural applications, and as a landfill material. From these studies, the authors found that it would be extremely difficult for as-generated slag to find large-scale acceptance in the marketplace even at no cost because the materials it could replace ... continued below

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8 pages

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Creator: Unknown. December 30, 1999.

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Description

The integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) process is an emerging technology that utilizes coal for power generation and production of chemical feedstocks. However, the process generates large amounts of solid waste, consisting of vitrified ash (slag) and some unconverted carbon. In previous projects, Praxis investigated the utilization of as-generated slags for a wide variety of applications in road construction, cement and concrete production, agricultural applications, and as a landfill material. From these studies, the authors found that it would be extremely difficult for as-generated slag to find large-scale acceptance in the marketplace even at no cost because the materials it could replace were abundantly available at very low cost. It was further determined that the unconverted carbon, or char, in the slag is detrimental to its utilization as sand or fine aggregate. It became apparent that a more promising approach would be to develop a variety of value-added products from slag that meet specific industry requirements. This approach was made feasible by the discovery that slag undergoes expansion and forms a lightweight material when subjected to controlled heating in a kiln at temperatures between 1,400 and 1,700 F. These results confirmed the potential for using expanded slag as a substitute for conventional lightweight aggregates (LWA). The technology to produce lightweight and ultra-lightweight aggregates (ULWA) from slag was subsequently developed by Praxis with funding from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Illinois Clean Coal Institute (ICCI), and internal resources. The major objectives of the subject project are to demonstrate the technical and economic viability of commercial production of LWA and ULWA from slag and to test the suitability of these aggregates for various applications. The project goals are to be accomplished in two phases: Phase 1, comprising the production of LWA and ULWA from slag at the large pilot scale, and Phase 2, which involves commercial evaluation of these aggregates in a number of applications. Primary funding for the project is provided by DOE's Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) at Morgantown, with significant cost sharing by Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and Illinois Clean Coal Institute (ICCI).

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8 pages

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OSTI as DE00757392

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  • Other Information: PBD: 30 Dec 1999

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  • Report No.: DE--FC21-94MC30056--20
  • Grant Number: FC21-94MC30056
  • DOI: 10.2172/757392 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 757392
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc711539

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  • December 30, 1999

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 15, 2016, 1:37 p.m.

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Utilization of lightweight materials made from coal gasification slags, report, December 30, 1999; Morgantown, West Virginia. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc711539/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.