On the use of age-specific effective dose coefficients in radiation protection of the public

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Description

Current radiation protection standards for the public include a limit on effective dose in any year for individuals in critical groups. This paper considers the question of how the annual dose limit should be applied in controlling routine exposures of populations consisting of individuals of all ages. The authors assume that the fundamental objective of radiation protection is limitation of lifetime risk and, therefore, that standards for controlling routine exposures of the public should provide a reasonable correspondence with lifetime risk, taking into account the age dependence of intakes and doses and the variety of radionuclides and exposure pathways of ... continued below

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7 p.

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Kocher, D. C. & Eckerman, K. F. November 1, 1998.

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Description

Current radiation protection standards for the public include a limit on effective dose in any year for individuals in critical groups. This paper considers the question of how the annual dose limit should be applied in controlling routine exposures of populations consisting of individuals of all ages. The authors assume that the fundamental objective of radiation protection is limitation of lifetime risk and, therefore, that standards for controlling routine exposures of the public should provide a reasonable correspondence with lifetime risk, taking into account the age dependence of intakes and doses and the variety of radionuclides and exposure pathways of concern. Using new calculations of the per capita (population-averaged) risk of cancer mortality per unit activity inhaled or ingested in the US Environmental Protection Agency`s Federal Guidance Report No. 13, the authors show that applying a limit on annual effective dose only to adults, which was the usual practice in radiation protection of the public before the development of age-specific effective dose coefficients, provides a considerably better correspondence with lifetime risk than applying the annual dose limit to the critical group of any age.

Physical Description

7 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE99000371

Source

  • International conference on topical issues in nuclear, radiation and radioactive waste safety, Vienna (Austria), 30 Aug - 4 Sep 1998

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  • Other: DE99000371
  • Report No.: ORNL/CP--98925
  • Report No.: CONF-980834--
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • DOI: 10.2172/676937 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 676937
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc711253

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • November 1, 1998

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • Nov. 3, 2016, 6:53 p.m.

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Kocher, D. C. & Eckerman, K. F. On the use of age-specific effective dose coefficients in radiation protection of the public, report, November 1, 1998; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc711253/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.