The evolution of ultrahigh carbon steels - from the Great Pyramids, to Alexander the Great, to Y2K

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Hypereutectoid steels containing between about 1 and 2.1 wt%C, and now known as ultrahigh carbon steels (UHCS), have both a rich history (dating back to the time of Alexander the Great, i.e. {approximately} 300 BC) and an interesting, recent, technological period of development (from 1975 to the present). The connections between the modern UHCS and their ancient counterparts, and in particular Damascus steels, have received considerable attention. In addition to monolithic products, UHCS have also been used in both ancient and modern times in laminated composites. In the present paper, a summary of the modern development of UHCS and UHCS-containing ... continued below

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548 Kilobytes pages

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Wadsworth, J October 1, 1999.

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Hypereutectoid steels containing between about 1 and 2.1 wt%C, and now known as ultrahigh carbon steels (UHCS), have both a rich history (dating back to the time of Alexander the Great, i.e. {approximately} 300 BC) and an interesting, recent, technological period of development (from 1975 to the present). The connections between the modern UHCS and their ancient counterparts, and in particular Damascus steels, have received considerable attention. In addition to monolithic products, UHCS have also been used in both ancient and modern times in laminated composites. In the present paper, a summary of the modern development of UHCS and UHCS-containing laminates is given, and parallels are drawn with ancient materials. Also, ancient laminated composites containing other steels are described; controversial issues and a possible solution related to the age of such a laminate found in the Great Pyramid of Gizeh are discussed.

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548 Kilobytes pages

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  • Deformation, Processing, and Properties of Structured Materials, Proceedings of the 2000 Annual Meeting of The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Nashville, TN (US), 03/12/2000--03/16/2000

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JC-135881
  • Report No.: YN0100000
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 756907
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc710967

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • October 1, 1999

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • May 6, 2016, 1:19 p.m.

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Wadsworth, J. The evolution of ultrahigh carbon steels - from the Great Pyramids, to Alexander the Great, to Y2K, article, October 1, 1999; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc710967/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.