Controlling fluctuations and transport in the reversed field pinch with edge current drive and plasma biasing

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Two techniques are employed in the Madison Symmetric Torus (MST) to test and control different aspects of fluctuation induced transport in the Reversed Field Pinch (RFP). Auxiliary edge currents are driven along the magnetic field to modify magnetic fluctuations, and the particle and energy transport associated with them. In addition, strong edge flows are produced by plasma biasing. Their effect on electrostatic fluctuations and the associated particle losses is studied. Both techniques are accomplished using miniature insertable plasma sources that are biased negatively to inject electrons. This type of emissive electrode is shown to reliably produce intense, directional current without ... continued below

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Medium: P; Size: 183 p.

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Craig, D.J.G. September 1, 1998.

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Two techniques are employed in the Madison Symmetric Torus (MST) to test and control different aspects of fluctuation induced transport in the Reversed Field Pinch (RFP). Auxiliary edge currents are driven along the magnetic field to modify magnetic fluctuations, and the particle and energy transport associated with them. In addition, strong edge flows are produced by plasma biasing. Their effect on electrostatic fluctuations and the associated particle losses is studied. Both techniques are accomplished using miniature insertable plasma sources that are biased negatively to inject electrons. This type of emissive electrode is shown to reliably produce intense, directional current without significant contamination by impurities. The two most important conclusions derived from these studies are that the collective modes resonant at the reversal surface play a role in global plasma confinement, and that these modes can be controlled by modifying the parallel current profile outside of the reversal surface. This confirms predictions based on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations that auxiliary current drive in the sense to flatten the parallel current profile can be successful in controlling magnetic fluctuations in the RFP. However, these studies expand the group of magnetic modes believed to cause transport in MST and suggest that current profile control efforts need to address both the core resonant magnetic modes and those resonant at the reversal surface. The core resonant modes are not significantly altered in these experiments; however, the distribution and/or amplitude of the injected current is probably not optimal for affecting these modes. Plasma biasing generates strong edge flows with shear and particle confinement likely improves in these discharges. These experiments resemble biased H modes in other magnetic configurations in many ways. The similarities are likely due to the common role of electrostatic fluctuations in edge transport.

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Medium: P; Size: 183 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE99000251

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  • Other Information: TH: Thesis (Ph.D.)

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  • Other: DE99000251
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/54345--306
  • Grant Number: FG02-96ER54345
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 674803
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc710893

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  • September 1, 1998

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • Nov. 6, 2015, 2:23 p.m.

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Craig, D.J.G. Controlling fluctuations and transport in the reversed field pinch with edge current drive and plasma biasing, thesis or dissertation, September 1, 1998; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc710893/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.