Fire protection guide for solid waste metal drum storage

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Description

This guide provides a method to assess potential fire development in drum storage facilities. The mechanism of fire propagation/spread through stored drum arrays is a complex process. It involves flame heat transfer, transient conduction,convection, and radiation between drums (stored in an array configuration). There are several phenomena which may occur when drums are exposed to fire. The most dramatic is violent lid failure which results in total lid removal. When a drum loses its lid due to fire exposure, some or all of the contents may be ejected from the drum, and both the ejected combustible material and the combustible ... continued below

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89 p.

Creation Information

Bucci, H. M. September 16, 1996.

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This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 52 times . More information about this report can be viewed below.

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  • Westinghouse Hanford Company
    Publisher Info: Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Richland, Washington

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Description

This guide provides a method to assess potential fire development in drum storage facilities. The mechanism of fire propagation/spread through stored drum arrays is a complex process. It involves flame heat transfer, transient conduction,convection, and radiation between drums (stored in an array configuration). There are several phenomena which may occur when drums are exposed to fire. The most dramatic is violent lid failure which results in total lid removal. When a drum loses its lid due to fire exposure, some or all of the contents may be ejected from the drum, and both the ejected combustible material and the combustible contents remaining within the container will burn. The scope of this guide is limited to storage arrays of steel drums containing combustible (primarily Class A) and noncombustible contents. Class B combustibles may be included in small amounts as free liquid within the solid waste contents.Storage arrays, which are anticipated in this guide, include single or multi-tier palletized (steel or wood pallets) drums,high rack storage of drums, and stacked arrays of drums where plywood sheets are used between tiers. The purpose of this guide is to describe a simple methodology that estimates the consequences of a fire in drum storage arrays. The extent of fire development and the resulting heat release rates can be estimated. Release fractions applicable to this type of storage are not addressed, and the transport of contaminants away from the source is not addressed. However, such assessments require the amount of combustible material consumed and the surface area of this burning material. The methods included in this guide do provide this information.

Physical Description

89 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE98058404

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: 16 Sep 1996

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  • Other: DE98058404
  • Report No.: WHC-SD-SQA-ANAL--501
  • Grant Number: AC06-96RL13200
  • DOI: 10.2172/658904 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 658904
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc710850

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Creation Date

  • September 16, 1996

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • June 14, 2016, 5:40 p.m.

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Bucci, H. M. Fire protection guide for solid waste metal drum storage, report, September 16, 1996; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc710850/: accessed December 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.