Modeling of water radiolysis at spallation neutron sources

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In spallation neutron sources neutrons are produced when a beam of high-energy particles (e.g., 1 GeV protons) collides with a (water-cooled) heavy metal target such as tungsten. The resulting spallation reactions produce a complex radiation environment (which differs from typical conditions at fission and fusion reactors) leading to the radiolysis of water molecules. Most water radiolysis products are short-lived but extremely reactive. When formed in the vicinity of the target surface they can react with metal atoms, thereby contributing to target corrosion. The authors describe the results of calculations and experiments performed at los alamos to determine the impact on ... continued below

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9 p.

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Daemen, L.L.; Kanner, G.S.; Lillard, R.S.; Butt, D.P.; Brun, T.O. & Sommer, W.F. December 1, 1998.

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Description

In spallation neutron sources neutrons are produced when a beam of high-energy particles (e.g., 1 GeV protons) collides with a (water-cooled) heavy metal target such as tungsten. The resulting spallation reactions produce a complex radiation environment (which differs from typical conditions at fission and fusion reactors) leading to the radiolysis of water molecules. Most water radiolysis products are short-lived but extremely reactive. When formed in the vicinity of the target surface they can react with metal atoms, thereby contributing to target corrosion. The authors describe the results of calculations and experiments performed at los alamos to determine the impact on target corrosion of water radiolysis in the spallation radiation environment. The computational methodology relies on the use of the Los Alamos radiation transport code, LAHET, to determine the radiation environment, and the AEA code, FACSIMILE, to model reaction-diffusion processes.

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9 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE99000681

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  • 126. annual meeting of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Orlando, FL (United States), 9-13 Feb 1997

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  • Other: DE99000681
  • Report No.: LA-UR--98-1023
  • Report No.: CONF-970201--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • DOI: 10.2172/674880 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 677142
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc710177

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  • December 1, 1998

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • March 1, 2016, 6:02 p.m.

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Daemen, L.L.; Kanner, G.S.; Lillard, R.S.; Butt, D.P.; Brun, T.O. & Sommer, W.F. Modeling of water radiolysis at spallation neutron sources, article, December 1, 1998; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc710177/: accessed July 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.