Preservation of artifacts in salt mines as a natural analog for the storage of transuranic wastes at the WIPP repository

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Use of nature`s laboratory for scientific analysis of complex systems is a largely untapped resource for understanding long-term disposal of hazardous materials. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in the US is a facility designed and approved for storage of transuranic waste in a salt medium. Isolation from the biosphere must be ensured for 10,000 years. Natural analogs provide a means to interpret the evolution of the underground disposal setting. Investigations of ancient sites where manmade materials have experienced mechanical and chemical processes over millennia provide scientific information unattainable by conventional laboratory methods. This paper presents examples of these pertinent ... continued below

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17 p.

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Martell, M.A.; Hansen, F. & Weiner, R. October 1, 1998.

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Description

Use of nature`s laboratory for scientific analysis of complex systems is a largely untapped resource for understanding long-term disposal of hazardous materials. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in the US is a facility designed and approved for storage of transuranic waste in a salt medium. Isolation from the biosphere must be ensured for 10,000 years. Natural analogs provide a means to interpret the evolution of the underground disposal setting. Investigations of ancient sites where manmade materials have experienced mechanical and chemical processes over millennia provide scientific information unattainable by conventional laboratory methods. This paper presents examples of these pertinent natural analogs, provides examples of features relating to the WIPP application, and identifies potential avenues of future investigations. This paper cites examples of analogical information pertaining to the Hallstatt salt mine in Austria and Wieliczka salt mine in Poland. This paper intends to develop an appreciation for the applicability of natural analogs to the science and engineering of a long-term disposal facility in geomedia.

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17 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE98005956

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  • 4. international mining history congress, Guanajuato (Mexico), 10-13 Nov 1998

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  • Other: DE98005956
  • Report No.: SAND--98-1908C
  • Report No.: CONF-981120--
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 674593
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc710011

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • October 1, 1998

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • June 13, 2016, 8:34 p.m.

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Martell, M.A.; Hansen, F. & Weiner, R. Preservation of artifacts in salt mines as a natural analog for the storage of transuranic wastes at the WIPP repository, article, October 1, 1998; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc710011/: accessed July 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.