Molecular analyses of nuclear-cytoplasmic interactions affecting plant growth and yield. Final technical report

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Mitochondria have a central role in the production of cellular energy. The biogenesis and functioning of mitochondria depends on the expression of both mitochondrial and nuclear genes. One approach to investigating the role of nuclear-mitochondrial cooperation in plant growth and development is to identify combinations of nuclear and mitochondrial genomes that result in altered but sublethal phenotypes. Plants that have certain maize nuclear genotypes in combination with cytoplasmic genomes from more distantly-related teosintes can exhibit incompatible phenotypes, such as reduced plant growth and yield and cytoplasmic male sterility, as well as altered mitochondrial gene expression. The characterization of these nuclear-cytoplasmic ... continued below

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5 p.

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Newton, K.J. November 1, 1998.

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Mitochondria have a central role in the production of cellular energy. The biogenesis and functioning of mitochondria depends on the expression of both mitochondrial and nuclear genes. One approach to investigating the role of nuclear-mitochondrial cooperation in plant growth and development is to identify combinations of nuclear and mitochondrial genomes that result in altered but sublethal phenotypes. Plants that have certain maize nuclear genotypes in combination with cytoplasmic genomes from more distantly-related teosintes can exhibit incompatible phenotypes, such as reduced plant growth and yield and cytoplasmic male sterility, as well as altered mitochondrial gene expression. The characterization of these nuclear-cytoplasmic interactions was the focus of this grant. The authors were investigating the effects of two maize nuclear genes, RcmI and Mct, on mitochondrial function and gene expression. Plants with the teosinte cytoplasms and homozygous for the recessive rcm allele are small (miniature) and-slow-growing and the kernels are reduced in size. The authors mapped this locus to molecular markers on chromosome 7 and attempted to clone this locus by transposon tagging. The effects of the nuclear-cytoplasmic interaction on mitochondrial function and mitochondrial protein profiles were also studied.

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5 p.

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OSTI as DE99000723

Medium: P; Size: 5 p.

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1998]

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  • Other: DE99000723
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/20036--T2
  • Grant Number: FG02-91ER20036
  • DOI: 10.2172/674901 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 674901
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc709368

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  • November 1, 1998

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 13, 2017, 12:29 p.m.

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Newton, K.J. Molecular analyses of nuclear-cytoplasmic interactions affecting plant growth and yield. Final technical report, report, November 1, 1998; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc709368/: accessed April 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.