Extrinsic Curie temperature and spin reorientation changes in Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B/{alpha}-Fe nanocomposites

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The Curie temperatures and spin reorientation temperatures of a series of four melt-spun nanocomposite materials comprised of Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 1}4B and varying amounts of {alpha}-Fe were measured using independent techniques. The phase constitution and grain size was assessed with synchrotron x-ray diffraction; the Curie temperatures were measured by differential thermal analysis (DTA) and dc SQUID magnetometry in the temperature range 375 K {le} T {le} 800 K, whereas the spin reorientation transition temperature was determined from ac susceptibility measurements taken in the range 10 K {le} T {le} 300 K. The Curie temperature increases with increasing excess iron content, resulting ... continued below

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12 p.

Creation Information

Lewis, L.H. & Panchanathan, V. May 1, 1998.

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  • Lewis, L.H. Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)
  • Panchanathan, V. Magnequench International, Inc., Anderson, IN (United States)

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Description

The Curie temperatures and spin reorientation temperatures of a series of four melt-spun nanocomposite materials comprised of Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 1}4B and varying amounts of {alpha}-Fe were measured using independent techniques. The phase constitution and grain size was assessed with synchrotron x-ray diffraction; the Curie temperatures were measured by differential thermal analysis (DTA) and dc SQUID magnetometry in the temperature range 375 K {le} T {le} 800 K, whereas the spin reorientation transition temperature was determined from ac susceptibility measurements taken in the range 10 K {le} T {le} 300 K. The Curie temperature increases with increasing excess iron content, resulting in a 18 {degree} enhancement over the Curie temperature of pure Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B for 27 wt% excess {alpha}-Fe. The spin reorientation temperatures are depressed from the single-crystal value by an average of 10 degrees. Both anomalous effects are attributed to intergranular exchange coupling present in the alloys, although the effects of uncompensated stress between the constituent phases cannot be ruled out The experimental results suggest that while the Curie temperature of the Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B phase may be extrinsically enhanced significantly beyond the bulk value, possibly extending the range of applications of this compound, the anisotropy may be simultaneously lowered, impeding the attainment of high coercivities in these alloys.

Physical Description

12 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE98005715

Source

  • 15. international workshop on rare-earth magnets and their applications and 10th international symposium on magnetic anisotropy and coercivity in rare-earth transition metal alloys, Dresden (Germany), 30 Aug - 4 Sep 1998

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  • Other: DE98005715
  • Report No.: BNL--65211
  • Report No.: CONF-980802--
  • Grant Number: AC02-98CH10886
  • DOI: 10.2172/672116 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 672116
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc709296

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  • May 1, 1998

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • Nov. 5, 2015, 8:23 p.m.

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Lewis, L.H. & Panchanathan, V. Extrinsic Curie temperature and spin reorientation changes in Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B/{alpha}-Fe nanocomposites, report, May 1, 1998; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc709296/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.