Using time-frequency and wavelet analysis to assess turbulence/rotor interactions

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Large loading events on wind turbine rotor blades are often associated with transient bursts of coherent turbulent energy in the turbine inflow. These coherent turbulent structures are identified as peaks in the three-dimensional, instantaneous, turbulent shearing stress field. Such organized inflow structures and the accompanying rotor aeroelastic responses typically have time scales of only a few seconds and therefore do not lend themselves for analysis by conventional Fourier spectral techniques. Time-frequency analysis (and wavelet analysis in particular) offers the ability to more closely study the spectral decomposition of short period events such as the interaction of coherent turbulence with a ... continued below

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Kelley, N. D.; Osgood, R. M.; Bialasiewicz, J. T. & Jakubowski, A. January 5, 2000.

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Large loading events on wind turbine rotor blades are often associated with transient bursts of coherent turbulent energy in the turbine inflow. These coherent turbulent structures are identified as peaks in the three-dimensional, instantaneous, turbulent shearing stress field. Such organized inflow structures and the accompanying rotor aeroelastic responses typically have time scales of only a few seconds and therefore do not lend themselves for analysis by conventional Fourier spectral techniques. Time-frequency analysis (and wavelet analysis in particular) offers the ability to more closely study the spectral decomposition of short period events such as the interaction of coherent turbulence with a moving rotor blade. In this paper, the authors discuss the initial progress in the application of time-frequency analysis techniques to the decomposition and interpretation of turbulence/rotor interaction. The authors discuss the results of applying both the continuous and discrete wavelet transforms for their application. Several examples are given of the techniques applied to both observed turbulence and turbine responses and those generated using numerical simulations. They found that the presence of coherent turbulent structures, as revealed by the inflow Reynolds stress field, is a major contributor to large load excursions. These bursts of coherent turbulent energy induce a broadband aeroelastic response in the turbine rotor as it passes through them.

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  • 19th American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, NV (US), 01/10/2000--01/13/2000

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  • Report No.: NREL/CP-500-27151
  • Grant Number: AC36-99GO10337
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 753781
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc709247

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  • January 5, 2000

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • March 31, 2016, 5:53 p.m.

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Kelley, N. D.; Osgood, R. M.; Bialasiewicz, J. T. & Jakubowski, A. Using time-frequency and wavelet analysis to assess turbulence/rotor interactions, article, January 5, 2000; Golden, Colorado. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc709247/: accessed July 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.