Durability testing of antireflection coatings for solar applications

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Antireflection (AR) coatings can be incorporated into highly transmitting glazings that, depending on their cost, performance, and durability of optical properties, can be economically viable in solar collectors, agricultural greenhouses, and PV systems. A number of AR-coated glazings have been prepared under the auspices of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Working Group on Durability of Materials for Solar Thermal Collectors. The AR coatings are of two types, including (1) various sol-gels applied to glass and (2) an embossed treatment of sheet acrylic. Typically, for unweathered glazings, a 4%--5% increase in solar-weighted transmittance has been achieved. For AR-coated glass, reflectance values ... continued below

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Jorgensen, G.; Brunold, S.; Koehl, M.; Nostell, P.; Roos, A. & Oversloot, H. January 5, 2000.

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Antireflection (AR) coatings can be incorporated into highly transmitting glazings that, depending on their cost, performance, and durability of optical properties, can be economically viable in solar collectors, agricultural greenhouses, and PV systems. A number of AR-coated glazings have been prepared under the auspices of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Working Group on Durability of Materials for Solar Thermal Collectors. The AR coatings are of two types, including (1) various sol-gels applied to glass and (2) an embossed treatment of sheet acrylic. Typically, for unweathered glazings, a 4%--5% increase in solar-weighted transmittance has been achieved. For AR-coated glass, reflectance values as low as 0.5%--0.7% at selected wavelengths (680--720 nm) were obtained. To determine the durability of the hemispherical transmittance, several collaborating countries are testing these materials both outdoors and in accelerated weathering chambers. All materials exposed outdoors are affixed to mini-collector boxes to simulate flat-plate collector conditions. Results for candidate AR coatings weathered at geographically disperse outdoor test sites exhibit changes in spectral transmittance primarily in the high visible range (600--700 nm). Accelerated testing at measured levels of simulated solar irradiance and at different constant levels of temperature and relative humidity have been performed in different countries. Parallel testing with different levels of laboratory-controlled relevant stress factors permits the time-dependent performance of these materials to be compared with measured results from in-service outdoor exposure conditions. Coating adhesion and performance loss resulting from dirt and dust retention are also discussed.

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OSTI as DE00750943

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  • SPIE's 44th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Denver, CO (US), 07/18/1999--07/23/1999

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  • Report No.: NREL/CP--520-26843
  • Grant Number: AC36-99GO10337
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 750943
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc709177

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  • January 5, 2000

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • March 31, 2016, 6:17 p.m.

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Jorgensen, G.; Brunold, S.; Koehl, M.; Nostell, P.; Roos, A. & Oversloot, H. Durability testing of antireflection coatings for solar applications, article, January 5, 2000; Golden, Colorado. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc709177/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.