Assessment of surface contamination with contact mechanics

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The authors are particularly interested in the work of adhesion measurements as a means to facilitate the understanding of the adhesive failure mechanisms for systems containing encapsulated and bonded components. Of the several issues under investigation, one is the effect of organic contamination on the adhesive strength for several types of polymer/metal interface combinations. The specific question that the authors are trying to address is at what level of contamination does adhesive strength decrease. The use of contact mechanics, the JKR method, is a good approach for studying this question. Another approach being studied is the use of interracial fracture ... continued below

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3 p.

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EMERSON,JOHN A.; MILLER,GREGORY V.; SORENSEN,CHRISTOPHER R. & PEARSON,RAYMOND A. February 21, 2000.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

The authors are particularly interested in the work of adhesion measurements as a means to facilitate the understanding of the adhesive failure mechanisms for systems containing encapsulated and bonded components. Of the several issues under investigation, one is the effect of organic contamination on the adhesive strength for several types of polymer/metal interface combinations. The specific question that the authors are trying to address is at what level of contamination does adhesive strength decrease. The use of contact mechanics, the JKR method, is a good approach for studying this question. Another approach being studied is the use of interracial fracture mechanics. The model contaminant is hexadecane--non-polar, medium molecular weight hydrocarbon fluid. They choose hexadecane because it replicates typical machining fluids, is nonreactive with Al surfaces, and should not dissolve readily into the adhesive systems of interest. The application of a uniform, controllable and reproducible hexadecane layer on Al surfaces has proven to be difficult. A primary concern is whether studies of model systems can be extended to systems of technological interest. The JKR theory is a continuum mechanics model of contact between two solid spheres that was developed by Johnson, Kendall and Roberts. The JKR theory is an extension of Hertzian contact theory and attributes the additional increase in the contact area between a soft elastomeric hemisphere to adhesive forces between the two surfaces. The JKR theory allows a direct estimate of the surface free energy of interface as well as the work of adhesion (Wa) between solids. Early studies performed in this laboratory involved the determination of Wa between silicone (PDMS) and Al surfaces in order to establish the potential adhesive failure mechanisms. However, the JKR studies using commercial based PDMS [poly(dimethylsiloxane)] was fraught with difficulty that were attributed to the additives used in commercial PDMS systems. The authors could not discriminate hydrogen-bonding effects between Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and hydroxyl groups in the PDMS, and other possible bonding mechanisms. A model PDMS elastomer and polymer treatments were developed for studying solid surfaces by measuring the degree of self-adhesion hysteresis as indicator of surface properties. The goal of this work is to measure the adhesion between PDMS/Al surfaces -- contaminated and two cleaning techniques. A custom-made JKR apparatus is used to determine the amount of hysteresis and Wa.

Physical Description

3 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE00751462

Medium: P; Size: 3 pages

Source

  • 23RD Annual Meeting of Adhesion Society, Myrtle Beach, SC (US), 02/21/2000--02/23/2000

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  • Report No.: SAND2000-0474C
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 751462
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc709161

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  • February 21, 2000

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • April 10, 2017, 7:20 p.m.

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EMERSON,JOHN A.; MILLER,GREGORY V.; SORENSEN,CHRISTOPHER R. & PEARSON,RAYMOND A. Assessment of surface contamination with contact mechanics, article, February 21, 2000; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc709161/: accessed December 14, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.