Public perspectives on nuclear security. US national security surveys, 1993--1997

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Description

This is the third report in a series of studies to examine how US attitudes about nuclear security are evolving in the post-Cold War era and to identify trends in public perceptions and preferences relevant to the evolution of US nuclear security policy. It presents findings from three surveys: a nationwide telephone survey of randomly selected members of the US general public; a written survey of randomly selected members of American Men and Women of Science; and a written survey of randomly selected state legislators from all fifty US states. Key areas of investigation included nuclear security, cooperation between US ... continued below

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309 p.

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Herron, K.G. & Jenkins-Smith, H.C. August 1, 1998.

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Description

This is the third report in a series of studies to examine how US attitudes about nuclear security are evolving in the post-Cold War era and to identify trends in public perceptions and preferences relevant to the evolution of US nuclear security policy. It presents findings from three surveys: a nationwide telephone survey of randomly selected members of the US general public; a written survey of randomly selected members of American Men and Women of Science; and a written survey of randomly selected state legislators from all fifty US states. Key areas of investigation included nuclear security, cooperation between US and Russian scientists about nuclear issues, vulnerabilities of critical US infrastructures and responsibilities for their protection, and broad areas of US national science policy. While international and US national security were seen to be slowly improving, the primary nuclear threat to the US was perceived to have shifted from Russia to China. Support was found for nuclear arms control measures, including mutual reductions in stockpiles. However, respondents were pessimistic about eliminating nuclear armaments, and nuclear deterrence continued to be highly values. Participants favored decreasing funding f/or developing and testing new nuclear weapons, but supported increased investments in nuclear weapons infrastructure. Strong concerns were expressed about nuclear proliferation and the potential for nuclear terrorism. Support was evident for US scientific cooperation with Russia to strengthen security of Russian nuclear assets. Elite and general public perceptions of external and domestic nuclear weapons risks and external and domestic nuclear weapons benefits were statistically significantly related to nuclear weapons policy options and investment preferences. Demographic variables and individual belief systems were systematically related both to risk and benefit perceptions and to policy and spending preferences.

Physical Description

309 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE98006273

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  • Other Information: PBD: Aug 1998

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  • Other: DE98006273
  • Report No.: SAND--98-1707
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • DOI: 10.2172/665965 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 665965
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc709036

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  • August 1, 1998

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 14, 2016, 9:33 p.m.

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Herron, K.G. & Jenkins-Smith, H.C. Public perspectives on nuclear security. US national security surveys, 1993--1997, report, August 1, 1998; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc709036/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.