A full fuel-cycle analysis of energy and emissions impacts of transportation fuels produced from natural gas

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Because of its abundance and because it offers significant energy and evironmental advantages, natural gas has been promoted for use in motor vehicles. A number of transportation fuels are produced from natural gas; each is distinct in terms of upstream production activities and vehicle usage. In this study, the authors avaluate eight fuels produced from natural gas - compressed natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, methanol, hydrogen, dimethyl ether, Fischer-Tropsch diesel, and electricity--for use in five types of motor vehicles--spark-ignition vehicles, compression-ignition vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, battery-powered electric vehicles, and fuel-cell vehicles. Because of great uncertainties associated with advances both in ... continued below

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Wang, M.Q. & Huang, H.S. January 25, 2000.

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Description

Because of its abundance and because it offers significant energy and evironmental advantages, natural gas has been promoted for use in motor vehicles. A number of transportation fuels are produced from natural gas; each is distinct in terms of upstream production activities and vehicle usage. In this study, the authors avaluate eight fuels produced from natural gas - compressed natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, methanol, hydrogen, dimethyl ether, Fischer-Tropsch diesel, and electricity--for use in five types of motor vehicles--spark-ignition vehicles, compression-ignition vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, battery-powered electric vehicles, and fuel-cell vehicles. Because of great uncertainties associated with advances both in fuel production and vehicle technologies, they evaluate near-term and long-term fuels and vehicle technologies separately. Furthermore, for long-term options, they establish both an incremental technology scenario and a leap-forward technology scenario to address potential technology improvements. The study reveals that, in general, the use of natural gas-based fuels reduces energy use and emissions relative to use of petroleum-based gasoline and diesel fuel, although different natural gas-based fuels in different vehicle technologies can have significantly different energy and emissions impacts.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 25 Jan 2000

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  • Report No.: ANL/ESD--40
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/750803 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 750803
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc708448

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  • January 25, 2000

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • March 29, 2016, 7:27 p.m.

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Wang, M.Q. & Huang, H.S. A full fuel-cycle analysis of energy and emissions impacts of transportation fuels produced from natural gas, report, January 25, 2000; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc708448/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.