The Quantitation of Sulfur Mustard By-Products, Sulfur-Containing Herbicides, and Organophosphonates in Soil and Concrete

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Description

Over the past fifty years, the facilities at Rocky Mountain Arsenal have been used for the manufacturing, bottling, and shipping sulfur- containing herbicides, sulfur mustard, and Sarin. There is a need for analytical methods capable of determining these constituents quickly to determine exactly how specific waste structural materials should be handled, treated, and landfilled.These species are extracted rapidly from heated samples of soil or crushed concrete using acetonitrile at elevated pressure, then analyzed using a gas chromatograph equipped with a flame photometric detector. Thiodiglycol, the major hydrolysis product of sulfur mustard, must be converted to a silylated derivative prior to ... continued below

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11 p.

Creation Information

Tomkins, B. A. December 31, 1997.

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  • Tomkins, B. A. Microbial Insights, Inc., Rockford, TN (United States)

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Over the past fifty years, the facilities at Rocky Mountain Arsenal have been used for the manufacturing, bottling, and shipping sulfur- containing herbicides, sulfur mustard, and Sarin. There is a need for analytical methods capable of determining these constituents quickly to determine exactly how specific waste structural materials should be handled, treated, and landfilled.These species are extracted rapidly from heated samples of soil or crushed concrete using acetonitrile at elevated pressure, then analyzed using a gas chromatograph equipped with a flame photometric detector. Thiodiglycol, the major hydrolysis product of sulfur mustard, must be converted to a silylated derivative prior to quantitation. Detection limits, calculated using two statistically-unbiased protocols, ranged between 2-13 micrograms analyte/g soil or concrete.

Physical Description

11 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE98000697

Source

  • 1997 U.S. Army Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center scientific conference on chemical and biological defense research, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD (United States), 18-21 Nov 1997; Other Information: DN: [540 409900]

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  • Other: DE98000697
  • Report No.: ORNL/CP--94829
  • Report No.: CONF-971163--
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 655255
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc708157

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • December 31, 1997

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • June 23, 2016, 12:16 p.m.

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Tomkins, B. A. The Quantitation of Sulfur Mustard By-Products, Sulfur-Containing Herbicides, and Organophosphonates in Soil and Concrete, article, December 31, 1997; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc708157/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.