The effect of laser welding process parameters on the mechanical and microstructural properties of V-4CR-4TI structural materials.

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V-Cr-Ti alloys are among the leading candidate materials for the frost wall and other structural materials applications in fusion power reactors because of several important advantages including inherently low irradiation-induced activity, good mechanical properties, good compatibility with lithium, high thermal conductivity and good resistance to irradiation-induced swelling and damage [1]. However, weldability of these alloys in general must be demonstrated, and laser welding, specifically, must be developed. Laser welding is considered to be an attractive process for construction of a reactor due to its high penetrating power and potential flexibility. This paper reports on a systematic study which was conducted ... continued below

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24 p.

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Reed, C. B.; Natesan, K.; Xu, Z. & Smith, D. L. November 12, 1999.

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V-Cr-Ti alloys are among the leading candidate materials for the frost wall and other structural materials applications in fusion power reactors because of several important advantages including inherently low irradiation-induced activity, good mechanical properties, good compatibility with lithium, high thermal conductivity and good resistance to irradiation-induced swelling and damage [1]. However, weldability of these alloys in general must be demonstrated, and laser welding, specifically, must be developed. Laser welding is considered to be an attractive process for construction of a reactor due to its high penetrating power and potential flexibility. This paper reports on a systematic study which was conducted to examine the use of a pulsed Nd:YAG laser to weld sheet materials of V-Cr-Ti alloys and to characterize the microstructural and mechanical properties of the resulting joints. Deep penetration and defect-free welds were achieved under an optimal combination of laser parameters including focal length of lens, pulse energy, pulse repetition rate, beam travel speed, and shielding gas arrangement. The key for defect-free welds was found to be the stabilization of the keyhole and providing an escape path for the gas trapped in the weld. An innovative method was developed to obtain deep penetration and oxygen contamination free welds. Oxygen and nitrogen uptake were reduced to levels only a few ppm higher than the base metal by design and development of an environmental control box. The effort directed at developing an acceptable postwelding heat treatment showed that five passes of a diffuse laser beam over the welded region softened the weld material, especially in the root region of the weld.

Physical Description

24 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE00750448

Medium: P; Size: 24 pages

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  • 9th International Conference on Fusion Reactor Materials, Colorado Springs, CO (US), 10/10/1999--10/15/1999

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  • Report No.: ANL/TD/CP-98476
  • Grant Number: W-31-109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 750448
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc707892

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  • November 12, 1999

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 10, 2017, 4:41 p.m.

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Reed, C. B.; Natesan, K.; Xu, Z. & Smith, D. L. The effect of laser welding process parameters on the mechanical and microstructural properties of V-4CR-4TI structural materials., article, November 12, 1999; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc707892/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.