The Effect of Pressure and Organic Constituents on the Cesium Ion Exchange Performance of IONSIV IE-911

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This study examined cesium ({sup 137}Cs) ion exchange of crystalline silicotitanate (CST) in simulated waste solution. In particular, the study focused on the effect of CST pretreatment on the kinetics and extent of cesium adsorption. The test used IONSIV{reg_sign}IE-911 (UOP LLC, Molecular Sieves Division, Des Plaines, IL), the engineered form of CST. Pretreatment steps examined include: soaking CST in 2M NaOH solution for three days, exposing CST to 50% relative humidity for one week, flowing organic-containing (saturated) salt solution through a CST packed bed (at 5 cm/min. superficial velocity), or drying CST in air at 100 C for three days. ... continued below

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29 p.

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Fondeur, F.F. July 18, 2000.

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Description

This study examined cesium ({sup 137}Cs) ion exchange of crystalline silicotitanate (CST) in simulated waste solution. In particular, the study focused on the effect of CST pretreatment on the kinetics and extent of cesium adsorption. The test used IONSIV{reg_sign}IE-911 (UOP LLC, Molecular Sieves Division, Des Plaines, IL), the engineered form of CST. Pretreatment steps examined include: soaking CST in 2M NaOH solution for three days, exposing CST to 50% relative humidity for one week, flowing organic-containing (saturated) salt solution through a CST packed bed (at 5 cm/min. superficial velocity), or drying CST in air at 100 C for three days. Some tests occurred under 50 and 25 psig of argon. The following conclusions summarize the results. Pretreatment of IE-911 in organic-containing (e.g., tri-n-butyl phosphate, dibutylphosphate, butanol, paraffin and Dow Corning H-10 defoamer) simulated waste or simulated waste yielded a 83% slower rate of cesium adsorption and 56% lower cesium capacity after one week. Pretreatment of IE-911 in 2M caustic solution for 48 hours yielded a slower approach to equilibrium cesium distribution in batch contact tests--7.7 mL/(g*h) during the first 48 hours and 2.4 ml/(g*h) thereafter. Carboxylates and adsorbed carbonates inside the pores likely affect the cesium transport by either increasing the path-length or reducing mass transfer rate. Heating IE-911 as received from the vendor at 100 C for 24 hours significantly degraded its cesium removal performance by a 40.7% reduction in capacity and 43% reduction in sorption rate over one week of testing. Testing determined nearly identical distribution coefficients K{sub d} between lot {number_sign} 9990-9681-0004 and 9990-9881-0005 (i.e., difference of only 5.6%). Tests measuring water insertion rates into IE-911 show that hydration of the IE-911 does not appear to limit the rate of cesium sorption. Increasing the atmospheric pressure from 0 to 50 psig had no effect on cesium sorption. Note that lower apparent capacity or slower cesium sorption rate in these limited-duration batch contact tests as a result of pretreatment do not necessarily imply reduced dynamic performance in a flowing ion-exchange application. The experiments that provided the bases for the currently proposed facility design used caustic-pretreated IE-911. Another report will assess whether the presence of the organic compounds in the waste solution impeded column performance.

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29 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE00758793

Medium: P; Size: 29 pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 18 Jul 2000

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  • Report No.: WSRC-RP-99-00597,Rev.0
  • Grant Number: AC09-96SR18500
  • DOI: 10.2172/758793 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 758793
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc707631

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Creation Date

  • July 18, 2000

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 10, 2017, 7:07 p.m.

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Fondeur, F.F. The Effect of Pressure and Organic Constituents on the Cesium Ion Exchange Performance of IONSIV IE-911, report, July 18, 2000; South Carolina. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc707631/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.