Simplified numerical description of latent storage characteristics for phase change wallboard

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Description

Cooling of residential California buildings contributes significantly to electrical consumption and peak power demand. Thermal mass can be utilized to reduce the peak-power demand, down-size the cooling systems and/or switch to low-energy cooling sources. Large thermal storage devices have been used in the past to overcome the short-comings of alternative cooling sources or to avoid high demand charges. With the advent of phase change material (PCM) implemented in gypsum board, plaster or other wall-covering material, thermal storage can be part of the building structure even for light-weight buildings. PCMs have two important advantages as storage media: they can offer an ... continued below

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15 p.

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Feustel, H.E. May 1, 1995.

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Description

Cooling of residential California buildings contributes significantly to electrical consumption and peak power demand. Thermal mass can be utilized to reduce the peak-power demand, down-size the cooling systems and/or switch to low-energy cooling sources. Large thermal storage devices have been used in the past to overcome the short-comings of alternative cooling sources or to avoid high demand charges. With the advent of phase change material (PCM) implemented in gypsum board, plaster or other wall-covering material, thermal storage can be part of the building structure even for light-weight buildings. PCMs have two important advantages as storage media: they can offer an order-of-magnitude increase in thermal storage capacity and their discharge is almost isothermal. This allows to store large amounts of energy without significantly changing the temperature of the sheathing. As heat storage takes place in the building part where the loads occur, rather than externally (e.g., ice or chilled water storage), additional transport energy is not needed. To numerically evaluate the latent storage performance of treated wallboard, RADCOOL, a thermal building simulation model based on the finite difference approach, will be used. RADCOOL has been developed in the SPARK environment in order to be compatible with the new family of simulation tools being developed at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. As logical statements are difficult to use in SPARK, a continuous function for the specific heat and the enthalpy had to be found. This report covers the development of a simplified description of latent storage characteristics for wallboard treated with phase change material.

Physical Description

15 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE95012758

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  • Other Information: PBD: May 1995

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  • Other: DE95012758
  • Report No.: LBL--36933
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • DOI: 10.2172/70723 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 70723
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc707486

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  • May 1, 1995

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 5, 2016, 10:47 a.m.

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Feustel, H.E. Simplified numerical description of latent storage characteristics for phase change wallboard, report, May 1, 1995; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc707486/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.