``In-situ'' spectro-electrochemical studies of radionuclide-contaminated surface films on metals

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The incorporation of heavy metal ions and radioactive contaminants into hydrous oxide films has been investigated in order to provide fundamental knowledge that could lead to the technological development of cost-effective processes and techniques for the decontamination of storage tanks, piping systems, surfaces, etc., in DOE nuclear facilities. The formation of oxide/hydroxide films was simulated by electrodeposition onto a graphite substrate from solutions of the appropriate metal salt. Synchrotron X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS), supplemented by Laser Raman Spectroscopy (LRS), was used to determine the structure and composition of the host oxide film, as well as the impurity ion. Results have ... continued below

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57 pages

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Melendres, C.A.; Mini, S. & Mansour, A.N. February 16, 2000.

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Description

The incorporation of heavy metal ions and radioactive contaminants into hydrous oxide films has been investigated in order to provide fundamental knowledge that could lead to the technological development of cost-effective processes and techniques for the decontamination of storage tanks, piping systems, surfaces, etc., in DOE nuclear facilities. The formation of oxide/hydroxide films was simulated by electrodeposition onto a graphite substrate from solutions of the appropriate metal salt. Synchrotron X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS), supplemented by Laser Raman Spectroscopy (LRS), was used to determine the structure and composition of the host oxide film, as well as the impurity ion. Results have been obtained for the incorporation of Ce, Sr, Cr, Fe, and U into hydrous nickel oxide films. Ce and Sr oxides/hydroxides are co-precipitated with the nickel oxides in separate phase domains. Cr and Fe, on the other hand, are able to substitute into Ni lattice sites or intercalate in the interlamellar positions of the brucite structure of Ni(OH){sub 2}. U was found to co-deposit as a U(VI) hydroxide. The mode of incorporation of metal ions depends both on the size and charge of the metal ion. The structure of iron oxide (hydroxide) films prepared by both anodic and cathodic deposition has also been extensively studied. The structure of Fe(OH){sub 2} was determined to be similar to that of {alpha}-Ni(OH){sub 2}. Anodic deposition from solutions containing Fe{sup 2+} results in a film with a structure similar to {gamma}-FeOOH. From the knowledge gained from the present studies, principles and methods for decontamination have become apparent. Contaminants sorbed on oxide surfaces or co-precipitated may be removed by acid wash and selective dissolution or complexation. Ions incorporated into lattice sites and interlamellar layers will require more drastic cleaning procedures. Electropolishing and the use of an electrochemical brush are among concepts that should be considered seriously for the latter cases. The incorporation of radionuclides into the structure of highly defective, insoluble oxides and clays should be considered for long-term storage and disposal. The establishment of a truly long-term (10 to 20 years) basic program on environmental science by DOE is strongly recommended. Avenues for future work are suggested.

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57 pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 16 Feb 2000

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  • Report No.: ANL/CMT/RP-101081
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/752916 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 752916
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc707436

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • February 16, 2000

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • March 22, 2016, 1:25 p.m.

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Melendres, C.A.; Mini, S. & Mansour, A.N. ``In-situ'' spectro-electrochemical studies of radionuclide-contaminated surface films on metals, report, February 16, 2000; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc707436/: accessed October 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.