Recent UCN source developments at Los Alamos

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The most intense sources of ultra cold neutrons (UCN) have bee built at reactors where the high average thermal neutron flux can overcome the low UCN production rate to achieve usable densities of UCN. At spallation neutron sources the average flux available is much lower than at a reactor, though the peak flux can be comparable or higher. The authors have built a UCN source that attempts to take advantage of the high peak flux available at the short pulse spallation neutron source at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) to generate a useful number of UCN. In the ... continued below

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8 p.

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Seestrom, S.J.; Anaya, J.M. & Bowles, T.J. December 1, 1998.

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The most intense sources of ultra cold neutrons (UCN) have bee built at reactors where the high average thermal neutron flux can overcome the low UCN production rate to achieve usable densities of UCN. At spallation neutron sources the average flux available is much lower than at a reactor, though the peak flux can be comparable or higher. The authors have built a UCN source that attempts to take advantage of the high peak flux available at the short pulse spallation neutron source at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) to generate a useful number of UCN. In the source UCN are produced by Doppler-shifted Bragg scattering of neutrons to convert 400-m/s neutrons down into the UCN regime. This source was initially tested in 1996 and various improvements were made based on the results of the 1996 running. These improvements were implemented and tested in 1997. In sections 2 and 3 they discuss the improvements that have been made and the resulting source performance. Recently an even more interesting concept was put forward by Serebrov et al. This involves combining a solid Deuterium UCN source, previously studied by Serebrov et al., with a pulsed spallation source to achieve world record UCN densities. They have initiated a program of calculations and measurements aimed at verifying the solid Deuterium UCN source concept. The approach has been to develop an analytical capability, combine with Monte Carlo calculations of neutron production, and perform benchmark experiments to verify the validity of the calculations. Based on the calculations and measurements they plan to test a modified version of the Serebrov UCN factory. They estimate that they could produce over 1,000 UCN/cc in a 15 liter volume, using 1 {micro}amp of 800 MeV protons for two seconds every 500 seconds. They will discuss the result UCN production measurements in section 4.

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8 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE99000776

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  • 6. international seminar on interaction of neutrons with nuclei, Dubna (Russian Federation), 13-16 May 1998

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  • Other: DE99000776
  • Report No.: LA-UR--98-2079
  • Report No.: CONF-9805127--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 677170
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc707136

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  • December 1, 1998

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • May 5, 2016, 7:20 p.m.

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Seestrom, S.J.; Anaya, J.M. & Bowles, T.J. Recent UCN source developments at Los Alamos, article, December 1, 1998; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc707136/: accessed December 15, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.