Regulatory analysis on criteria for the release of patients administered radioactive material

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The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has received two petitions to amend its regulations in 10 CFR Parts 20 and 35 as they apply to doses received by members of the public exposed to patients released from a hospital after they have been administered radioactive material. While the two petitions are not identical they both request that the NRC establish a dose limit of 5 millisieverts (0.5 rem) per year for individuals exposed to patients who have been administered radioactive materials. This Regulatory Analysis evaluates three alternatives. Alternative 1 is for the NRC to amend its patient release criteria in 10 ... continued below

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31 p.

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Schneider, S.; McGuire, S.A.; Behling, U.H.; Behling, K. & Goldin, D. May 1, 1994.

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Description

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has received two petitions to amend its regulations in 10 CFR Parts 20 and 35 as they apply to doses received by members of the public exposed to patients released from a hospital after they have been administered radioactive material. While the two petitions are not identical they both request that the NRC establish a dose limit of 5 millisieverts (0.5 rem) per year for individuals exposed to patients who have been administered radioactive materials. This Regulatory Analysis evaluates three alternatives. Alternative 1 is for the NRC to amend its patient release criteria in 10 CFR 35.75 to use the more stringent dose limit of 1 millisievert per year in 10 CFR 20.1301(a) for its patient release criteria. Alternative 2 is for the NRC to continue using the existing patient release criteria in 10 CFR 35.75 of 1,110 megabecquerels of activity or a dose rate at one meter from the patient of 0.05 millisievert per hour. Alternative 3 is for the NRC to amend the patient release criteria in 10 CFR 35.75 to specify a dose limit of 5 millisieverts for patient release. The evaluation indicates that Alternative 1 would cause a prohibitively large increase in the national health care cost from retaining patients in a hospital longer and would cause significant personal and psychological costs to patients and their families. The choice of Alternatives 2 or 3 would affect only thyroid cancer patients treated with iodine-131. For those patients, Alternative 3 would result in less hospitalization than Alternative 2. Alternative 3 has a potential decrease in national health care cost of $30,000,000 per year but would increase the potential collective dose from released therapy patients by about 2,700 person-rem per year, mainly to family members.

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31 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as TI95013058

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  • Other Information: PBD: May 1994

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  • Other: TI95013058
  • Report No.: NUREG--1492
  • DOI: 10.2172/69340 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 69340
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc706788

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  • May 1, 1994

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 22, 2016, 6:20 p.m.

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Schneider, S.; McGuire, S.A.; Behling, U.H.; Behling, K. & Goldin, D. Regulatory analysis on criteria for the release of patients administered radioactive material, report, May 1, 1994; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc706788/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.