Pulsed laser surface hardening of ferrous alloys.

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A high power pulsed Nd:YAG laser and special optics were used to produce surface hardening on 1045 steel and gray cast iron by varying the process parameters. Unlike CO{sub 2} lasers, where absorptive coatings are required, the higher absorptivity of ferrous alloys at the Nd:YAG laser wavelength eliminates the necessity of applying a coating before processing. Metallurgical analysis of the treated tracks showed that very fine and hard martensitic microstructure (1045 steel) or inhomogeneous martensite (gray cast iron) were obtained without surface melting, giving maximum hardness of HRC 61 and HRC 40 for 1045 steel and gray cast iron respectively. ... continued below

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10 p.

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Xu, Z.; Reed, C. B.; Leong, K. H. & Hunter, B. V. September 30, 1999.

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Description

A high power pulsed Nd:YAG laser and special optics were used to produce surface hardening on 1045 steel and gray cast iron by varying the process parameters. Unlike CO{sub 2} lasers, where absorptive coatings are required, the higher absorptivity of ferrous alloys at the Nd:YAG laser wavelength eliminates the necessity of applying a coating before processing. Metallurgical analysis of the treated tracks showed that very fine and hard martensitic microstructure (1045 steel) or inhomogeneous martensite (gray cast iron) were obtained without surface melting, giving maximum hardness of HRC 61 and HRC 40 for 1045 steel and gray cast iron respectively. The corresponding maximum case depths for both alloys at the above hardness are 0.6 mm. Gray cast iron was more difficult to harden without surface melting because of its lower melting temperature and a significantly longer time-at-temperature required to diffuse carbon atoms from the graphite flakes into the austenite matrix during laser heating. The thermal distortion was characterized in term of flatness changes after surface hardening.

Physical Description

10 p.

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OSTI as DE00750456

Medium: P; Size: 10 pages

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  • ICALEO '99, San Diego, CA (US), 11/15/1999--11/18/1999

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  • Report No.: ANL/TD/CP-98988
  • Grant Number: W-31-109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 750456
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc706234

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • September 30, 1999

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 6, 2017, 6:53 p.m.

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Xu, Z.; Reed, C. B.; Leong, K. H. & Hunter, B. V. Pulsed laser surface hardening of ferrous alloys., article, September 30, 1999; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc706234/: accessed May 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.