Tensile stress corrosion cracking of type 304 stainless steel irradiated to very high dose

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Certain safety-related core internal structural components of light water reactors, usually fabricated from Type 304 or 316 austenitic stainless steels (SSs), accumulate very high levels of irradiation damage (20--100 displacement per atom or dpa) by the end of life. The data bases and mechanistic understanding of, the degradation of such highly irradiated components, however, are not well established. A key question is the nature of irradiation-assisted intergranular cracking at very high dose, i.e., is it purely mechanical failure or is it stress-commotion cracking? In this work, hot-cell tests and microstructural characterization were performed on Type 304 SS from the hexagonal ... continued below

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Chung, H. M.; Ruther, W. E.; Strain, R. V. & Shack, W. J. September 1, 2001.

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Certain safety-related core internal structural components of light water reactors, usually fabricated from Type 304 or 316 austenitic stainless steels (SSs), accumulate very high levels of irradiation damage (20--100 displacement per atom or dpa) by the end of life. The data bases and mechanistic understanding of, the degradation of such highly irradiated components, however, are not well established. A key question is the nature of irradiation-assisted intergranular cracking at very high dose, i.e., is it purely mechanical failure or is it stress-commotion cracking? In this work, hot-cell tests and microstructural characterization were performed on Type 304 SS from the hexagonal fuel can of the decommissioned EBR-11 reactor after irradiation to {approximately}50 dpa at {approximately}370 C. Slow-strain-rate tensile tests were conducted at 289 C in air and in water at several levels of electrochemical potential (ECP), and microstructural characteristics were analyzed by scanning and transmission electron microcopies. The material deformed significantly by twinning and exhibited surprisingly high ductility in air, but was susceptible to severe intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) at high ECP. Low levels of dissolved O and ECP were effective in suppressing the susceptibility of the heavily irradiated material to IGSCC, indicating that the stress corrosion process associated with irradiation-induced grain-boundary Cr depletion, rather than purely mechanical separation of grain boundaries, plays the dominant role. However, although IGSCC was suppressed, the material was susceptible to dislocation channeling at low ECP, and this susceptibility led to poor work-hardening capability and low ductility.

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Medium: P; Size: 221-34

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INIS; OSTI as DE00751851

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  • Journal Name: Nucl. Eng. Des.; Journal Volume: 208; Journal Issue: 3; Conference: Corrosion 2000, Orlando, FL (US), 03/26/2000--03/31/2000

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  • Report No.: ANL/ET/CP-99988
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 751851
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc706134

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  • September 1, 2001

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • March 24, 2016, 2:41 p.m.

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Chung, H. M.; Ruther, W. E.; Strain, R. V. & Shack, W. J. Tensile stress corrosion cracking of type 304 stainless steel irradiated to very high dose, article, September 1, 2001; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc706134/: accessed September 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.