Advanced sulfur control concepts in hot-gas desulfurization technology. Quarterly report, April 1--June 30, 1997

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Three areas of research were pursued during the past quarter. Experimental CeO{sub 2} sulfidation and regeneration tests examined the effect of SO{sub 2} concentration and gas flow rate on the production of elemental sulfur during regeneration. The maximum number of cycles using a single sorbent charge was increased to 13, and initial tests using a second source of CeO{sub 2} (from Molycorp, Inc.) were carried out. In the process analysis effort, a third case study based on single-stage desulfurization using CeO{sub 2} sorbent was added. Capital and operating costs for this option were estimated under base case conditions. The sensitivity ... continued below

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43 p.

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Harrison, D.P. December 31, 1997.

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Description

Three areas of research were pursued during the past quarter. Experimental CeO{sub 2} sulfidation and regeneration tests examined the effect of SO{sub 2} concentration and gas flow rate on the production of elemental sulfur during regeneration. The maximum number of cycles using a single sorbent charge was increased to 13, and initial tests using a second source of CeO{sub 2} (from Molycorp, Inc.) were carried out. In the process analysis effort, a third case study based on single-stage desulfurization using CeO{sub 2} sorbent was added. Capital and operating costs for this option were estimated under base case conditions. The sensitivity of the annual levelized cost of all three cases to variations in sorbent durability, sorbent unit cost, O{sub 2} and N{sub 2} unit cost, and capital cost was examined. As the sorbent cost was reduced, based on smaller sorbent replacement rate and/or smaller sorbent unit cost, the annual levelized cost of all three processes decreased, and the cerium process became more attractive. For example, at a sorbent replacement rate of 0.1% of the sorbent circulation rate, both cerium processes should be less costly than the single-stage zinc sorbent process. As the sorbent replacement rate approaches zero (infinite sorbent lifetime), income from the sulfur by-product and export steam produced by the cerium processes exceeds the other process costs and a profit of $2 to 2.5 million appears possible. In contrast, the annual levelized cost of the zinc-based process at zero sorbent replacement rate is about $5 million.

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43 p.

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OSTI as DE98054496

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1997]

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  • Other: DE98054496
  • Report No.: DOE/MC/30012--T1
  • Grant Number: AC21-94MC30012
  • DOI: 10.2172/666011 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 666011
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc705826

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  • December 31, 1997

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • Nov. 10, 2015, 6:50 p.m.

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Harrison, D.P. Advanced sulfur control concepts in hot-gas desulfurization technology. Quarterly report, April 1--June 30, 1997, report, December 31, 1997; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc705826/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.