Microwave generation for magnetic fusion energy applications: Task A -- Experimental and numerical study of microwave sources for ECRH incorporating depressed collectors and with ITER-relevant parameters, and Task B -- Theory and modeling of high frequency, high power gyrotron operation. Final report, July 15, 1994--July 14, 1995

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A proof-of-principle short pulse ({approximately} 100 ns) experiment has successfully demonstrated operation of a sheet-beam FEL amplifier with output power of 250 kW at 86 Ghz and with 24 dB saturated gain and {approximately} 3% efficiency. Gain in the linear region was 30 dB. Measured performance parameters were in good agreement with predictions of a multi-mode, time dependence code. Also, a code has been developed to design depressed collectors which will enhance efficiency of ECRH sources (both FELs and gyrotrons). Extensive analytical and theoretical work in support of high power gyrotron development at Varian and MIT, and in support of ... continued below

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6 p.

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Creator: Unknown. December 31, 1995.

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A proof-of-principle short pulse ({approximately} 100 ns) experiment has successfully demonstrated operation of a sheet-beam FEL amplifier with output power of 250 kW at 86 Ghz and with 24 dB saturated gain and {approximately} 3% efficiency. Gain in the linear region was 30 dB. Measured performance parameters were in good agreement with predictions of a multi-mode, time dependence code. Also, a code has been developed to design depressed collectors which will enhance efficiency of ECRH sources (both FELs and gyrotrons). Extensive analytical and theoretical work in support of high power gyrotron development at Varian and MIT, and in support of ITER has been carried out. Specific studies are described. The effect of beam quality on the operation of the 145 GHz gyrotrons at MIT has been characterized using experimentally measured beam velocity distribution functions. The observed performance of these devices is consistent with a 10% RMS perpendicular velocity spread. An extensive study of mode competition in the 110 GHZ experiments at Varian and MIT has been carried out. Design criteria for the suppression of parasitic modes have been given for these experiments. The issues of mode competition and beam quality in the proposed 170 GHz megawatt gyrotrons for ITER have been investigated. Designs of cavities which eliminate unwanted modes have been made, and their sensitivity to beam quality studied. The constraints of lower power density and absence of mode competition coupled with the anticipated beam quality restrict efficiency. Efficiency can be improved by increasing the power density in the wall, improving beam quality, or perhaps by using a more advanced cavity. Studies of the causes of velocity spread in MIG guns have been initiated. Further, the effect of beam cavity misalignment on mode competition has been addressed.

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6 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE99000250

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1995]

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  • Other: DE99000250
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/52147--7-07/95
  • Grant Number: FG05-87ER52147
  • DOI: 10.2172/677103 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 677103
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc704320

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  • December 31, 1995

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • Nov. 6, 2015, 4:02 p.m.

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Microwave generation for magnetic fusion energy applications: Task A -- Experimental and numerical study of microwave sources for ECRH incorporating depressed collectors and with ITER-relevant parameters, and Task B -- Theory and modeling of high frequency, high power gyrotron operation. Final report, July 15, 1994--July 14, 1995, report, December 31, 1995; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc704320/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.