Evaluating Transmissivity Estimates from Well Hydrographs in Karst Aquifers

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Description

Hydrograph recessions from rainfall events have previously been analyzed for discharge at springs and streams; however, relatively little quantitative research has been conducted with regard to hydrograph analysis of recessions from monitoring wells screened in karst aquifers. In previous work a quantitative hydrography analysis technique has been proposed born which matrix transmissivity (i.e., transmissivity of intergranular porosity) and specific yields of matrix, fracture, and conduit components of the aquifer may be determined from well hydrography. The technique has yielded realistic results at three sites tested by the authors thus far (Y-12, Oak Ridge, TN; Crane, IN, and Ft. Campbell, KY). ... continued below

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26 p.

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Powers, J.g. & Shevenell, l July 1, 1999.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this article can be viewed below.

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  • Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant
    Publisher Info: Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (United States)
    Place of Publication: Tennessee

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Description

Hydrograph recessions from rainfall events have previously been analyzed for discharge at springs and streams; however, relatively little quantitative research has been conducted with regard to hydrograph analysis of recessions from monitoring wells screened in karst aquifers. In previous work a quantitative hydrography analysis technique has been proposed born which matrix transmissivity (i.e., transmissivity of intergranular porosity) and specific yields of matrix, fracture, and conduit components of the aquifer may be determined from well hydrography. The technique has yielded realistic results at three sites tested by the authors thus far (Y-12, Oak Ridge, TN; Crane, IN, and Ft. Campbell, KY). Observed field data, as well as theoretical considerations, show that karst well hydrography are valid indicators of hydraulic properties of the associated karst aquifers. Results show matrix transmissivity (T) values to be in good agreement with values calculated using more traditional parameter estimation techniques such as aquifer pumping tests and slug tests in matrix dominated wells. While the hydrograph analysis technique shows promise for obtaining reliable estimates of karst aquifer T with a simple, relatively inexpensive and passive method, the utility of the technique is limited in its application depending on site-specific hydrologic conditions, which include shallow, submerged conduit systems located in areas with sufficient rainfall for water levels to respond to precipitation events.

Physical Description

26 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE00750355

Medium: P; Size: 26 pages

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  • Journal Name: Ground Water; Other Information: Submitted to Ground Water

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  • Report No.: Y/TS-1775
  • Grant Number: AC05-84OR21400
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 750355
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc704258

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  • July 1, 1999

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 10, 2017, 6:26 p.m.

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Powers, J.g. & Shevenell, l. Evaluating Transmissivity Estimates from Well Hydrographs in Karst Aquifers, article, July 1, 1999; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc704258/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.