Interactions of zircaloy cladding with gallium -- 1997 status

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A four phase program has been implemented to evaluate the effect of gallium in mixed oxide (MOX) fuel derived from weapons grade (WG) plutonium on Zircaloy cladding performance. The objective is to demonstrate that low levels of gallium will not compromise the performance of the MOX fuel system in LWR. This graded, four phase experimental program will evaluate the performance of prototypic Zircaloy cladding materials against: (1) liquid gallium (Phase 1), (2) various concentrations of Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (Phase 2), (3) centrally heated surrogate fuel pellets with expected levels of gallium (Phase 3), and (4) centrally heated prototypic MOX fuel ... continued below

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35 p.

Creation Information

Wilson, D.F.; DiStefano, J.R.; King, J.F.; Manneschmidt, E.T. & Strizak, J.P. November 1, 1997.

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Description

A four phase program has been implemented to evaluate the effect of gallium in mixed oxide (MOX) fuel derived from weapons grade (WG) plutonium on Zircaloy cladding performance. The objective is to demonstrate that low levels of gallium will not compromise the performance of the MOX fuel system in LWR. This graded, four phase experimental program will evaluate the performance of prototypic Zircaloy cladding materials against: (1) liquid gallium (Phase 1), (2) various concentrations of Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} (Phase 2), (3) centrally heated surrogate fuel pellets with expected levels of gallium (Phase 3), and (4) centrally heated prototypic MOX fuel pellets (Phase 4). This status report describes the results of an initial series of tests for phases 1 and 2. Three types of tests are being performed: (1) corrosion, (2) liquid metal embrittlement (LME), and (3) corrosion mechanical. These tests are designed to determine the corrosion mechanisms, thresholds for temperature and concentration of gallium that may delineate behavioral regimes, and changes in mechanical properties of Zircaloy. Initial results have generally been favorable for the use of WG-MOX fuel. The MOX fuel cladding, Zircaloy, does react with gallium to form intermetallic compounds at {ge} 300 C; however, this reaction is limited by the mass of gallium and is therefore not expected to be significant with a low level (in parts per million) of gallium in the MOX fuel. While continued migration of gallium into the initially formed intermetallic compound results in large stresses that can lead to distortion, this is also highly unlikely because of the low mass of gallium or gallium oxide present and expected clad temperatures below 400 C. Furthermore, no evidence for grain boundary penetration by gallium has been observed.

Physical Description

35 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE98054238

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: Nov 1997

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  • Other: DE98054238
  • Report No.: ORNL/TM--13505
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • DOI: 10.2172/654199 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 654199
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc703875

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • November 1, 1997

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • Jan. 19, 2016, 6:52 p.m.

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Wilson, D.F.; DiStefano, J.R.; King, J.F.; Manneschmidt, E.T. & Strizak, J.P. Interactions of zircaloy cladding with gallium -- 1997 status, report, November 1, 1997; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc703875/: accessed December 11, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.