Analysis of industrial pollution prevention programs in selected Asian countries Page: 3 of 24
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ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION PREVENTION PROGRAMS
IN SELECTED ASIAN COUNTRIES
Shen-yann Chiu, Ph.D.
Environmental Systems Engineer
Environmental Assessment Division
Argonne National Laboratory
Argonne, Illinois 60439 U.S.A.
Honolulu, Hawaii 96848 U.S.A.
Industrialization in developing countries is causing increasing environmental damage.
Pollution prevention (P2) is an emerging environmental concept that could help developing
countries achieve "leapfrog" goals, bypassing old and pollutive technologies and minimizing
traditional control practices.
The current P2 promotion activities in Hong Kong, the Republic of Korea, the Philippines,
Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand are discussed. These programs, generally initiated in the last
5 years, are classified into five categories: awareness promotion, education and training,
information transfer, technical assistance, and financial incentives. All important at the early
stages of P2 promotion, these programs should inform industries of the benefits of P2 and help
them identify applicable P2 measures. Participation in these programs is voluntary. The
limited data indicate that adoption of P2 measures in these countries is not yet widespread.
Recommendations for expanding P2 promotion activities include (1) strengthening the design
and enforcement of environmental regulations; (2) providing P2 training and education to
government workers, nongovernmental organizations and labor unions officials, university
faculties, and news media; (3) tracking the progress of P2 programs; (4) implementing selected
P2 mandatory measures; (5) identifying cleaner production technologies for use in new
facilities; (6) implementing special programs for small and medium enterprises; and
(7) expanding P2 promotion to other sectors, such as agriculture and transportation, and
encouraging green design and green consumerism.
Many developing countries in Asia and the Pacific Basin are experiencing rapid
industrialization. Among the consequences are potentially serious environmental and health
problems resulting from highly pollutive industries commonly found in these countries, such
as chemical, electroplating, tanning, paper and pulp, and food processing. The majority of
these industries are still being run with little use of environmental control. To alleviate these
problems, some countries have begun to develop and enforce environmental regulations that
resemble those of the developed nations decades ago - by focusing on treating effluents and
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Chiu, S.Y. Analysis of industrial pollution prevention programs in selected Asian countries, report, May 1, 1995; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc703712/m1/3/: accessed January 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.