Hydrous pyrolysis of pole treating chemicals: (a) initital measurement of hydrous pyrolysis rates for napthalene and pentachlorophenol; (b) solubility of flourene at temperatures up to 150{degrees}C

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The temperature dependencies of the hydrous pyrolysis/oxidation (HPO) aqueous phase oxidation reactions of naphthalene and pentachlorophenol have been determined for phosphate buffered systems using Dickson-type reaction vessels. The HPO experimental temperatures ranged from 114{degrees}C to 148{degrees}C for naphthalene and 114{degrees}C to 137{degrees}C for pentachlorophenol. The loss of the organic species was used to determine activation energies of 95.8 kJ/mole for naphthalene oxidation and 84.8 kJ/mole for pentachlorophenol oxidation. Aqueous concentrations of target compounds and reaction intermediates were determined by gas chromatography and compound identification was verified by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry. During the experiments the pollutants were completely mineralized, ... continued below

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31 p.; Other: FDE: PDF; PL:

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Leif, R. N., LLNL November 15, 1997.

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The temperature dependencies of the hydrous pyrolysis/oxidation (HPO) aqueous phase oxidation reactions of naphthalene and pentachlorophenol have been determined for phosphate buffered systems using Dickson-type reaction vessels. The HPO experimental temperatures ranged from 114{degrees}C to 148{degrees}C for naphthalene and 114{degrees}C to 137{degrees}C for pentachlorophenol. The loss of the organic species was used to determine activation energies of 95.8 kJ/mole for naphthalene oxidation and 84.8 kJ/mole for pentachlorophenol oxidation. Aqueous concentrations of target compounds and reaction intermediates were determined by gas chromatography and compound identification was verified by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry. During the experiments the pollutants were completely mineralized, as indicated by a stoichiometric production of inorganic carbon in the case of naphthalene and inorganic carbon and chloride in the case of pentachlorophenol. HPO of pentachlorophenol produced 2,3,5,6- tetrachlorophenol as an intermediate, whereas no intermediates amenable by GC were observed during the HPO of naphthalene. Measurements of the aqueous solubility of florin in an unbuffered solution have been made covering the temperature range from 20{degrees}C to 150{degrees}C. There is very good agreement between this data set and data previously published covering the lower temperature range (20{degrees}C to 75{degrees}C). Extension of the solubility measurements to higher temperatures covers the in situ temperatures achievable during field application of HPO and demonstrated a nearly exponential rise in aqueous solubility as a function of temperature, with a 10 fold increase in aqueous florin solubility going from 75{degrees}C to 125{degrees}C and a 20 fold increase in going from 75{degrees}C to 150{degrees}C.

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31 p.; Other: FDE: PDF; PL:

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OSTI as DE98058863

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  • Other Information: PBD: 15 Nov 1997

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  • Other: DE98058863
  • Report No.: UCRL-CR--129838
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/665047 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 665047
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc703034

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  • November 15, 1997

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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Leif, R. N., LLNL. Hydrous pyrolysis of pole treating chemicals: (a) initital measurement of hydrous pyrolysis rates for napthalene and pentachlorophenol; (b) solubility of flourene at temperatures up to 150{degrees}C, report, November 15, 1997; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc703034/: accessed July 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.