Application of a new technique for human event analysis (ATHEANA) at a pressurized-water reactor

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Over the past several years, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has sponsored the development of a new method for performing human reliability analyses (HRAs). A major impetus for the program was the recognized need for a method that would not only address errors of omission (EOOs), but also errors of commission (EOCs). Although several documents have been issued describing the basis and development of the new method referred to as ``A Technique for Human Event Analysis`` (ATHEANA), two documents were drafted to initially provide the necessary documentation for applying the method: the frame of reference (FOR) manual, which served ... continued below

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8 p.

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Forester, J.A.; Kiper, K. & Ramey-Smith, A. April 1, 1998.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 18 times . More information about this article can be viewed below.

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  • Forester, J.A. Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  • Kiper, K. Seabrook Nuclear Station (United States)
  • Ramey-Smith, A. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

Over the past several years, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has sponsored the development of a new method for performing human reliability analyses (HRAs). A major impetus for the program was the recognized need for a method that would not only address errors of omission (EOOs), but also errors of commission (EOCs). Although several documents have been issued describing the basis and development of the new method referred to as ``A Technique for Human Event Analysis`` (ATHEANA), two documents were drafted to initially provide the necessary documentation for applying the method: the frame of reference (FOR) manual, which served as the technical basis document for the method and the implementation guideline (IG), which provided step by step guidance for applying the method. Upon the completion of the draft FOR manual and the draft IG in April 1997, along with several step-throughs of the process by the development team, the method was ready for a third-party test. The method was demonstrated at Seabrook Station in July 1997. The main goals of the demonstration were to (1) test the ATHENA process as described in the FOR manual and the IG, (2) test a training package developed for the method, (3) test the hypothesis that plant operators and trainers have significant insight into the EFCs that can make UAs more likely, and (4) identify ways to improve the method and its documentation. The results of the Seabrook demonstration are evaluated against the success criteria, and important findings and recommendations regarding ATHENA that were obtained from the demonstration are presented here.

Physical Description

8 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as TI98005777

Source

  • International conference on probabilistic safety assessment and management (PSAM4), New York, NY (United States), 13-18 Sep 1998

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  • Other: TI98005777
  • Report No.: SAND--98-0981C
  • Report No.: CONF-980907--
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 654195
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc702768

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • April 1, 1998

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • April 13, 2016, 12:54 p.m.

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Forester, J.A.; Kiper, K. & Ramey-Smith, A. Application of a new technique for human event analysis (ATHEANA) at a pressurized-water reactor, article, April 1, 1998; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc702768/: accessed April 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.