Electric field effects on the nanometer-level surface modification of Au(111) surfaces

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Description

The authors report observations of contrasting surface modification behavior of the Au(111) in the presence of an electric field and field-emission currents using interfacial force microscopy (IFM) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The experiments consist of surface modification procedures which allow for large tip-sample gaps, in contrast to fast voltage pulses (applied at tunneling distances) employed by previous STM investigations. Dramatic surface distortions are observed when a 200 nm tip, biased at {minus}100 V, is brought toward the Au surface to a field emission current level of 400 nA and then retracted. In other experiments, the authors raise the sample ... continued below

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6 p.

Creation Information

Cabibil, H.; Houston, J.E.; Mayer, T.M. & Franklin, G.F. June 1, 1998.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

The authors report observations of contrasting surface modification behavior of the Au(111) in the presence of an electric field and field-emission currents using interfacial force microscopy (IFM) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The experiments consist of surface modification procedures which allow for large tip-sample gaps, in contrast to fast voltage pulses (applied at tunneling distances) employed by previous STM investigations. Dramatic surface distortions are observed when a 200 nm tip, biased at {minus}100 V, is brought toward the Au surface to a field emission current level of 400 nA and then retracted. In other experiments, the authors raise the sample voltage to field-emission levels while maintaining a constant current. STM images, measured in a time-resolved manner after each such procedure, show that the presence of a higher electric field ({approximately} 0.07 V/{angstrom}) results in step retraction and the disappearance of small islands on the Au(111) surface followed by the formation of vacancy islands in the area directly beneath the apex of the tip where the field is highest. They discuss the implications of these contrasting surface modification in terms of the various key parameters and in relation to previous studies using voltage pulses in the STM.

Physical Description

6 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE98005905

Source

  • Spring meeting of the Materials Research Society, San Francisco, CA (United States), 13-17 Apr 1998

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  • Other: DE98005905
  • Report No.: SAND--98-1390C
  • Report No.: CONF-980405--
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • DOI: 10.2172/663562 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 663562
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc702532

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  • June 1, 1998

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  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 14, 2016, 8:55 p.m.

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Cabibil, H.; Houston, J.E.; Mayer, T.M. & Franklin, G.F. Electric field effects on the nanometer-level surface modification of Au(111) surfaces, report, June 1, 1998; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc702532/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.