Containment and surveillance -- A principal IAEA safeguards measure

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The growth of the safeguards inspectorate of the Agency, spanning more than 40 years, has produced a variety of interesting subjects (legal, technical, political, etc.) for recollection, discussion, and study. Although the Agency was established in 1957, the first practical inspections did not occur until the early 1960s. In the early inspections, thee was little C/S equipment available, and no optical surveillance was used. However, by the third decade of the IAEA, the 1980s, many technology advances were made, and the level of C/S equipment activities increased. By the late 1980s, some 200 Twin Minolta film camera systems were deployed ... continued below

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13 p.

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Drayer, D.D.; Dupree, S.A. & Sonnier, C.S. December 31, 1997.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 13 times . More information about this article can be viewed below.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

The growth of the safeguards inspectorate of the Agency, spanning more than 40 years, has produced a variety of interesting subjects (legal, technical, political, etc.) for recollection, discussion, and study. Although the Agency was established in 1957, the first practical inspections did not occur until the early 1960s. In the early inspections, thee was little C/S equipment available, and no optical surveillance was used. However, by the third decade of the IAEA, the 1980s, many technology advances were made, and the level of C/S equipment activities increased. By the late 1980s, some 200 Twin Minolta film camera systems were deployed by the Agency for safeguards use. At the present time, the Agency is evaluating and beginning to implement remote monitoring as part of the Strengthened Safeguards System. However, adoption of remote monitoring by international agencies cannot occur rapidly because of the many technical and policy issues associated with this activity. A glimpse into the future indicates that an important element of safeguards instrumentation will be the merging of C/S and NDA equipment into integrated systems. The use of modern interior area monitors in International Safeguards also offers a great potential for advancing C/S measures. The research in microsensors is in its infancy, and the opportunities for their reducing the cost, increasing the life time, and increasing the reliability of sensors for safeguards applications are manifold. A period may be approaching in which the terminology of C/S will no longer have its original meaning, as integrated systems combining NDA instruments and C/S instruments are already in use and are expected to be the norm in the near future.

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13 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE98000169

Source

  • International Atomic Energy Agency symposium on international safeguards, Vienna (Austria), 13-17 Oct 1997

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  • Other: DE98000169
  • Report No.: SAND--97-2154C
  • Report No.: CONF-971031--;IAEA-SM--351/49
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 674549
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc702325

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  • December 31, 1997

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 12, 2015, 6:31 a.m.

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  • April 14, 2016, 3:27 p.m.

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Drayer, D.D.; Dupree, S.A. & Sonnier, C.S. Containment and surveillance -- A principal IAEA safeguards measure, article, December 31, 1997; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc702325/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.