Calculations on Electron Capture in Low Energy Ion-Molecule Collisions

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Recent progress on the application of a quantal, molecular-orbital, close-coupling approach to the calculation of electron capture in collisions of multiply charged ions with molecules is discussed. Preliminary results for single electron capture by N{sup 2+} with H{sub 2} are presented. Electron capture by multiply charged ions colliding with H{sub 2} is an important process in laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. It provides a recombination mechanism for multiply charged ions in x-ray ionized astronomical environments which may have sparse electron and atomic hydrogen abundances. In the divertor region of a tokamak fusion device, charge exchange of impurity ions with H{sub 2} ... continued below

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12 p.

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Stancil, P.C.; Zygelman, B. & Kirby, K. December 31, 1997.

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  • Stancil, P.C. Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
  • Zygelman, B. W.M. Keck Lab. for Computational Physics, Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
  • Kirby, K. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States)

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Recent progress on the application of a quantal, molecular-orbital, close-coupling approach to the calculation of electron capture in collisions of multiply charged ions with molecules is discussed. Preliminary results for single electron capture by N{sup 2+} with H{sub 2} are presented. Electron capture by multiply charged ions colliding with H{sub 2} is an important process in laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. It provides a recombination mechanism for multiply charged ions in x-ray ionized astronomical environments which may have sparse electron and atomic hydrogen abundances. In the divertor region of a tokamak fusion device, charge exchange of impurity ions with H{sub 2} plays a role in the ionization balance and the production of radiative energy loss leading to cooling, X-ray and ultraviolet auroral emission from Jupiter is believed to be due to charge exchange of O and S ions with H{sub 2} in the Jovian atmosphere. Solar wind ions interacting with cometary molecules may have produced the x-rays observed from Comet Hyakutake. In order to model and understand the behavior of these environments, it is necessary to obtain total, electronic state-selective (ESS), and vibrational (or rotational) state-selective (VSS) capture cross sections for collision energies as low as 10 meV/amu to as high as 100 keV/amu in some instances. Fortunately, charge transfer with molecular targets has received considerable experimental attention. Numerous measurements have been made with flow tubes, ion traps, and ion beams. Flow tube and ion trap studies generally provide information on rate coefficients for temperatures between 800 K and 20,000 K. In this article, we report on the progress of our group in implementing a quantum-mechanical Molecular Orbital Close Coupling (MOCC) approach to the study of electron capture by multiply charged ions in collisions with molecules. We illustrate this with a preliminary investigation of Single Electron Capture (SEC) by N{sup 2+} with H{sub 2}.

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12 p.

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OSTI as DE98000393

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  • 20. international conference on the physics of electronic and atomic collisions and exhibition, Vienna (Austria), 23-29 Jul 1997

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  • Other: DE98000393
  • Report No.: ORNL/CP--94781
  • Report No.: CONF-970710--
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 624534
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc699267

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  • December 31, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Aug. 23, 2016, 2:55 p.m.

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Stancil, P.C.; Zygelman, B. & Kirby, K. Calculations on Electron Capture in Low Energy Ion-Molecule Collisions, article, December 31, 1997; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc699267/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.