Inorganic photocatalytic membranes for the remediation of VOCs in groundwater at the Portsmouth Site

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A small-scale demonstration of a new photocatalytic membrane reactor was undertaken at the X-623 Groundwater Treatment Facility at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The photocatalytic membrane reactor initially removed between 60 and 65% of the TCE in a single pass. It also removed significant amounts of three additional compounds (including completely removing one of the compounds). It is believed that these compounds were vinyl chloride, and two isomers of dichloroethylene. Within three days from startup, high suspended solids (mainly bacteria) contained in the feedwater tank caused plugging of the system`s prefilter. The high concentration of bacteria was the result of ... continued below

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26 p.

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Bischoff, B.L.; Fain, D.E. & James, D.L. II October 6, 1997.

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Description

A small-scale demonstration of a new photocatalytic membrane reactor was undertaken at the X-623 Groundwater Treatment Facility at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The photocatalytic membrane reactor initially removed between 60 and 65% of the TCE in a single pass. It also removed significant amounts of three additional compounds (including completely removing one of the compounds). It is believed that these compounds were vinyl chloride, and two isomers of dichloroethylene. Within three days from startup, high suspended solids (mainly bacteria) contained in the feedwater tank caused plugging of the system`s prefilter. The high concentration of bacteria was the result of a previously unknown large amount of activated carbon present in the feed tank prior to addition of the groundwater. It was also later discovered that fine colloidal silt particles had fouled the photocatalytic membranes and reduced their activity yielding only about a 20% reduction of TCE. The silt particles were determined to be between 50 and 100 nm and were able to pass through the 500 nm (0.5 {mu}m) diameter pores of the prefilter. The results of this field test demonstrated the potential for success of the deployment of this technology, the simplicity, flexibility, and operability of the process and that improvements to the system design are needed prior to any future demonstrations. 9 figs.

Physical Description

26 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE98001521

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  • Other Information: PBD: 6 Oct 1997

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  • Other: DE98001521
  • Report No.: POEF-LMES--169
  • Grant Number: AC05-84OR21400
  • DOI: 10.2172/560879 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 560879
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc698228

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • October 6, 1997

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • May 16, 2016, 3:56 p.m.

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Bischoff, B.L.; Fain, D.E. & James, D.L. II. Inorganic photocatalytic membranes for the remediation of VOCs in groundwater at the Portsmouth Site, report, October 6, 1997; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc698228/: accessed November 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.